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A synthetic small molecule and peptidomimetic of second mitochondrial-derived activator of caspases (SMAC) and inhibitor of IAP (Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein) family proteins, with potential antineoplastic activity. As a SMAC mimetic and IAP antagonist, birinapant binds to and inhibits the activity of IAPs, such as X chromosome-linked IAP (XIAP) and cellular IAPs 1 and 2. Since IAPs shield cancer cells from the apoptosis process, this agent may restore and promote the induction of apoptosis through apoptotic signaling pathways in cancer cells. IAPs are overexpressed by many cancer cell types and suppress apoptosis by binding and inhibiting active caspases-3, -7 and -9 via their baculoviral lAP repeat (BIR) domains. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
|Synonym:||Smac mimetic TL32711|
|Chemical structure:||propanamide, N,N'-[(6,6'-difluoro[2,2'-bi-1H-indole]-3,3'-diyl)bis[methylene[(2R,4S)-4-hydroxy-2,1-pyrrolidinediyl][(1S)-1-ethyl-2-oxo-2,1-ethanediyl]]]bis[2-(methylamino)-,(2S,2'S)-|