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NCI Drug Dictionary

  

sizofiran 
A soluble beta-D-glucan produced by the Basidiomycetes fungus, Schizophyllum commune Fries, with potential immunomodulating and antitumor activities. Although sizofiran’s exact mechanism of action has yet to be fully elucidated, this agent appears to stimulate the immune system by increasing cytokine production, activating macrophages and enhancing the activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PML) and natural killer (NK) cells. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonyms:schizophyllan
schizophyllane
sonifilan
US brand names:MC-Glucan
Sixofilan
Chemical structure:poly(3-(O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-6))-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1)