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NCI Drug Dictionary

NCI Drug Dictionary

  

IL-12-expressing mesenchymal stem cell vaccine GX-051 
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transduced with a retroviral vector encoding a modified form of the cytokine interleukin-12 (IL-12), with potential immunomodulating and antineoplastic activities. Upon intratumoral administration, IL-12-expressing MSC vaccine GX-051 secretes IL-12. IL-12 activates the immune system by both promoting the secretion of interferon-gamma, which activates natural killer cells (NKs), and inducing cytotoxic T-cell responses, which may result in both decreased cell proliferation and increased cell death in tumor cells. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Abbreviation:MSCs/IL-12M
Code name:GX-051