Español
Questions About Cancer? 1-800-4-CANCER
  • Print
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Google+
  • Pinterest

NCI Drug Dictionary

  

Y-90 OctreoTher  
(Other name for: yttrium Y 90-edotreotide)

Y-shape branched pegylated filgrastim  
A long-acting, pegylated variant of filgrastim (recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)) with immunomodulating activity. Similar to endogenous G-CSF, this agent binds to and activates specific cell surface receptors, stimulating neutrophil progenitor proliferation and differentiation and selected neutrophil functions. The modification of this version of filgrastim with the addition of a Y-shaped branch of polyethylene glycol at a specific lysine residue (Lys 17) theoretically serves to extend the half-life of the agent. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Yervoy  
(Other name for: ipilimumab)

YM598  
An orally active synthetic substituted phenylethenesulfonamide. As a selective endothelin A receptor antagonist, YM598 inhibits endothelin-mediated mechanisms involved in tumor cell growth and progression, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yoshi-864  
An alkylsulfonate. Yoshi-864 alkylates and crosslinks DNA, thereby inhibiting DNA replication. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody BU12  
A radioimmunoconjugate consisting of the murine IgG1 anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) BU12 labeled with the beta-emitting radioisotope yttrium Y 90 with radioisotopic and antibody activities. Yttrium Y 90 anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody BU12 binds to the CD19 molecule, specifically delivering cytotoxic beta radiation to CD19-expressing B cells. CD19 is a membrane antigen that is widely expressed during B-cell development, from pro-B-cell to early plasma cell stages. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody AHN-12  
A radioimmunoconjugate comprised of the monoclonal antibody AHN-12 conjugated to the radioisotope yttrium 90 with potential radioimmunotherapeutic activity. Yttrium Y 90 monoclonal antibody AHN-12 binds to the tyrosine phosphatase CD45, expressed on the surface of normal and malignant hematopoietic cells. After binding and internalization by CD45-expressing tumor cells, this agent may deliver a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody BC8  
A radioimmunoconjugate containing the murine IgG1 anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) BC8 labeled with yttrium 90 (Y90), with potential immunotherapeutic activity. Yttrium Y 90 anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody BC8 binds to CD45 antigen, a receptor protein-tyrosine phosphatase expressed on the surface of both normal and malignant hematopoietic cells. After binding and internalization by CD45-expressing tumor cells, this agent may deliver a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 anti-CD66 monoclonal antibody BW 250/183  
A radioimmunoconjugate consisting of the murine IgG1 monoclonal antibody BW250/183 labeled with yttrium Y 90 with potential radioimmunotherapeutic activity. Yttrium Y 90 anti-CD66 monoclonal antibody BW 250/183 binds to a 95 kD nonspecific cross-reacting antigen (CD66b or NCA-95) on granulocytes, selectively delivering a cytotoxic dose of Y 90 beta radiation to CD66b-expressing cells. CD66b, a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family with an unknown function, appears early in the differentiation of granulopoietic cells and is expressed on the cell surface of almost all human granulocytes and their more mature precursors. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 anti-CEA monoclonal antibody cT84.66  
A radioimmunoconjugate comprised of a chimeric monoclonal antibody against human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) conjugated with the radioisotope yttrium 90 (Y-90) via the chelator tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid (DOTA) with potential antineoplastic activity. The antibody moiety of yttrium Y90 DOTA anti-CEA monoclonal antibody cT84.66 binds to cells expressing the CEA antigen. Upon cellular internalization, this agent selectively delivers a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. CEA, a tumor associated antigen, is overexpressed in many cancer types, including gastrointestinal, breast, non-small cell lung, and thyroid cancers. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 clivatuzumab tetraxetan  
A radioimmunoconjugate comprised of the humanized monoclonal antibody HuPAM4, directed against the pancreatic cancer antigen MUC1, that is conjugated to the chelating agent tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid (DOTA) and radiolabeled with the beta-emitting radioisotope Yttrium Y90. Yttrium Y 90 clivatuzumab tetraxetan binds to tumor cells expressing MUC1 antigen, selectively delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 colloid  
An injectable, colloidal formulation of the radioisotope yttrium Y 90, with potential antineoplastic activity. When injected into the tumor, the yttrium Y 90 colloid selectively delivers a cytotoxic dose of beta-emitting yttrium Y 90 to the tumor site, which may result in both tumor cell death and tumor regression. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 daclizumab  
A synthetic radioimmunoconjugate comprised of a humanized anti-interleukin-2 (IL-2) antibody linked to the radioisotope Yttrium 90 with potential antineoplastic activity. Daclizumab binds with high affinity to the Tac (also called CD25) subunit of the IL-2 receptor complex and inhibits the binding of IL-2, thereby blocking the IL-2-mediated activation of lymphocytes. As Yttrium Y 90 daclizumab, daclizumab delivers radiation specifically to lymphocytes that express the IL-2 receptor. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 DOTA anti-CEA monoclonal antibody M5A  
A radioimmunoconjugate consisting of a monoclonal antibody directed against the human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) conjugated with the radioisotope yttrium 90 (Y-90) via the chelator tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid (DOTA) with potential antineoplastic activity. The antibody moiety of yttrium Y 90 DOTA anti-CEA monoclonal antibody M5A binds to cells expressing the CEA antigen. Upon cellular internalization, this agent selectively delivers a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. CEA, a tumor associated antigen, is overexpressed in many cancer types, including gastrointestinal, breast, non-small cell lung, and thyroid cancers. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 DOTA-biotin  
A radioconjugate of biotin and yttrium Y 90 (Y-90) linked through the bifunctional macrocyclic chelating agent tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid (DOTA) with radioimmunotherapy property. Biotin is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin, present in minute amounts in every living cell, while its level in cancerous tissue is higher than that of normal tissue. Y 90-DOTA-biotin could be used in 3-step pre-targeting radioimmunotherapy that employs a tumor targeting antibody conjugated with streptavidin, the natural ligand of biotin. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 epratuzumab  
A radioimmunoconjugate consisting of the anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody epratuzumab chelated to the radioisotope yttrium-90 (Y 90). Yttrium Y 90 epratuzumab binds to tumor cells expressing CD22, delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Epratuzumab is a humanized version of the murine monoclonal antibody LL2; CD22 is a B cell-restricted antigen present on the surfaces of mature B cells. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres  
An injectable formulation of yttrium Y 90 consisting of glass microspheres containing the radioisotope yttrium Y 90. When injected into the tumor vascular bed, yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres occlude tumor blood vessels and deliver a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation to the tumor site, thereby reducing the tumor burden. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan  
A radioimmunotherapeutic agent consisting of a murine monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody (ibritumomab) linked by the chelator tiuxetan to the radioisotope yttrium-90 (Y 90). Yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan binds to and specifically delivers beta radiation to CD20-expressing tumor cells, thereby minimizing the systemic effects of radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 monoclonal antibody B3  
A radioimmunoconjugate of monoclonal antibody (MoAb) B3 conjugated with isotope yttrium 90. MoAb B3 is a murine MoAb that recognizes a Lewis Y carbohydrate antigen present on the surface of many carcinomas. This radioimmunoconjugate emits beta particles that causes cytotoxicity in tumor cells and has both diagnostic and therapeutic uses. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 monoclonal antibody BrE-3  
A radioimmunotherapeutic agent consisting of a monoclonal antibody (BrE-3) directed against the tumor-associated antigen epithelial glycoprotein mucin chelated to the radioisotope yttrium-90. Yttrium Y 90 monoclonal antibody BrE-3 binds to tumor cells expressing epithelial glycoprotein mucin, selectively delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 monoclonal antibody Hu3S193  
A radioimmunotherapeutic agent consisting of a humanized murine monoclonal antibody (hu3S193) directed against the tumor-associated Lewis Y epithelial antigen chelated to the radioisotope yttrium-90. Yttrium Y 90 monoclonal antibody Hu3S193 binds to Lewis Y epithelial antigen-expressing tumor cells, selectively delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 monoclonal antibody MN-14  
A radioimmunotherapeutic monoclonal antibody (MN-14) directed against tumor-associated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and chelated to the radioisotope yttrium-90 (Y 90). Y 90 monoclonal antibody MN-14 binds to tumor cell expressing CEA, delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 resin microspheres  
An injectable formulation of the radioisotope yttrium Y 90 encapsulated in resin microspheres with potential antineoplastic activity. When injected into arterial vasculature supplying the tumor, yttrium Y 90 resin microspheres occlude tumor blood vessels and selectively deliver a cytotoxic dose of beta emitting yttrium Y 90 to the tumor site, which may result in tumor cell death and tumor regression. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90 tacatuzumab tetraxetan  
A radioimmunoconjugate comprised of the monoclonal antibody HuAFP31, directed against alpha fetoprotein, that is conjugated to the chelating agent tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid (DOTA) and radiolabeled with the beta-emitting radioisotope Yttrium Y90. Yttrium Y 90 tacatuzumab tetraxetan binds to tumor cells expressing alpha fetoprotein, selectively delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90-DOTA-girentuximab  
A radioimmunoconjugate comprised of girentuximab conjugated with the bifunctional, macrocyclic chelating agent tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid (DOTA) and lableled with the beta-emitting radioisotope yttrium Y 90. The antibody moiety of yttrium Y 90-DOTA-girentuximab binds to renal cell carcinoma cells expressing the G250 antigen, thereby selectively delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90-edotreotide  
A radioconjugate consisting of the octreotide derivative edotreotide labeled with yttrium 90 (Y-90) with potential radiotherapeutic uses. Similar to octreotide, yttrium Y 90-edotreotide binds to somatostatin receptors (SSTRs), especially type 2 receptors, present on the cell membranes of many types of neuroendocrine tumor cells, delivering tissue-specific, beta-emitting nuclide Y-90-mediated cytotoxicity to SSTR-positive cells. Yttrium Y 90-edotreotide is produced by substituting tyrosine for phenylalanine at the 3 position of the somatostatin analogue octreotide and chelating the substituted octreotide to Y-90 via dodecanetetraacetic acid (DOTA). Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90-labeled anti-FZD10 monoclonal antibody OTSA101  
A radioimmunoconjugate composed of a humanized monoclonal antibody (MoAb) OTSA101 against FZD10 and labeled with yttrium Y 90, with potential antineoplastic activity. The MoAb moiety of yttrium Y 90-labeled anti-FZD10 monoclonal antibody OTSA101 binds to FZD10, thereby delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation to FZD10 positive tumor cells. FZD10 (also called CD350), a member of the Frizzled family of G protein-coupled receptors that is involved in the Wnt/beta-catenin/TCF signaling pathway, is overexpressed in a variety of cancer cell types but undetectable in normal, healthy human tissues except the placenta. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium Y 90-labeled basiliximab  
A radioimmunoconjugate composed of basiliximab, a chimeric, mouse-human monoclonal antibody directed against the alpha subunit of interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R alpha, CD25 or Tac antigen), and labeled with yttrium y 90, with potential antineoplastic activity. The basiliximab moiety of yttrium Y 90 basiliximab selectively binds to IL-2R alpha expressed on the surface of activated T-lymphocytes, thereby preventing IL-2 binding and blocking the IL-2-mediated activation of lymphocytes. The yttrium y 90 moiety selectively delivers a cytotoxic dose of beta radiation to lymphocytes that express the IL-2 receptor. This may prevent T cell-mediated activation of the immune system against a certain transplant and may prevent transplant rejection. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

yttrium-90 polycarbonate brachytherapy plaque  
A polycarbonate-based semicylindrical plaque impregnated with yttrium Y 90 with radioisotopic and antineoplastic activities. An yttrium-90 polycarbonate brachytherapy plaque may be applied to a tumor site with a special brachytherapy applicator for a predetermined interval of time, selectively delivering a cytotoxic dose of beta-emitting yttrium Y 90. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Back to TopBack to Top