NCI Drug Dictionary
The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.
An antineoplastic nitrosourea. Carmustine alkylates and cross-links DNA during all phases of the cell cycle, resulting in disruption of DNA function, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. This agent also carbamoylates proteins, including DNA repair enzymes, resulting in an enhanced cytotoxic effect. Carmustine is highly lipophilic and crosses the blood-brain barrier readily. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonyms: bis(chloroethyl) nitrosourea
US brand names: Becenum
Foreign brand names: Becenun
Abbreviation: BCNU Code names: FDA 0345
Chemical structures: 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea