NCI Drug Dictionary

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The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

deglycosylated ricin A chain-conjugated anti-CD19/anti-CD22 immunotoxins
A combination preparation of 1:1 mixture of the immunotoxins HD37-dgA and RFB4-dgA with potential antineoplastic activity. Anti-CD19 IgG monoclonal antibody HD37 and anti-CD22 IgG monoclonal antibody RFB4 are attached individually to a deglycosylated ricin A chain (dgA) via N-succinimidyl-oxycarbonyl-alpha-methyl-alpha-(2-pyridyldithio) toluene (SMPT) linker. Deglycosylated ricin A chain-conjugated anti-CD19/anti-CD22 immunotoxins bind to CD19- and CD22-expressing tumor cells, specifically delivering cytotoxic ricin A chain to leukemia cells expressing these antigens. Ricin A chain is toxic to ribosomal activity and protein synthesis, and inhibits cell growth. CD19 and CD22 molecules are cell surface antigens present on the majority of B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonym:IgG-HD37-dgA/IgG-RFB4-dgA immunotoxins
US brand name:Combotox