NCI Drug Dictionary

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The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

Lactobacillus acidophilus probiotic
A probiotic containing the bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus with potential antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. As a dietary supplement, Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus), a naturally-occurring bacteria, may improve digestion and help maintain adequate colonization of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract by modulating the composition of the normal microflora. Because it produces lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide and other substances during fermentation, this bacterium creates an acidic environment unfavorable to pathogens such as Candida albicans. In addition, during colonization of the GI tract, L. acidophilus may form a protective barrier, preventing attachment of pathogens. Dietary supplementation with this bacterium has been shown to enhance natural and acquired immunity in mice. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)