NCI Drug Dictionary

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The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

A soluble beta-D-glucan produced by the Basidiomycetes fungus, Schizophyllum commune Fries, with potential immunomodulating and antitumor activities. Although sizofiran’s exact mechanism of action has yet to be fully elucidated, this agent appears to stimulate the immune system by increasing cytokine production, activating macrophages and enhancing the activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PML) and natural killer (NK) cells. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
US brand names:MC-Glucan
Chemical structure:poly(3-(O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-6))-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1)