NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,812 terms related to cancer and medicine.

Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.

radical perineal prostatectomy
(RA-dih-kul PAYR-ih-NEE-ul PROS-tuh-TEK-toh-mee)
Surgery to remove all of the prostate through an incision between the scrotum and the anus. Nearby lymph nodes are sometimes removed through a separate incision in the wall of the abdomen.

EnlargeTwo panel drawing showing two ways  of doing a  radical prostatectomy;  in the first panel, dotted line shows where incision is made through the wall of the abdomen for a retropubic prostatectomy;  in the second panel, dotted line shows where incision is made in area between the scrotum and the anus for a perineal prostatectomy.

Two types of radical prostatectomy. In a retropubic prostatectomy, the prostate is removed through an incision in the wall of the abdomen. In a perineal prostatectomy, the prostate is removed through an incision in the area between the scrotum and the anus.