NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,926 terms related to cancer and medicine.
Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.
- A group of scientists, doctors, clergy, and patient advocates that reviews and approves the detailed plan for every clinical trial. IRBs are meant to protect the people who take part in a clinical trial. They check to see that the trial is well designed, legal, ethical, does not involve unneeded risks, and includes a safety plan for patients. There is an IRB at every health care facility that does clinical research. Also called Institutional Review Board.