NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,780 terms related to cancer and medicine.

Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.

stage IV cervical cancer
(... SER-vih-kul KAN-ser)
Cancer has spread to the bladder, rectum, or other parts of the body. Stage IV is divided into stages IVA and IVB, based on where the cancer is found. In stage IVA, cancer has spread to nearby organs, such as the bladder or rectum. In stage IVB, cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver, lungs, bones, or distant lymph nodes.

EnlargeStage IVA cervical cancer; drawing and inset show that cancer has spread from the cervix to the bladder and rectal wall.

Stage IVA cervical cancer. Cancer has spread to nearby organs, such as the bladder or rectum.

EnlargeStage IVB cervical cancer; drawing shows the places in the body where stage IV cervical cancer may spread, including the lymph nodes, lung, liver, intestinal tract, cervix, abdominal wall, and bone. Also shown is an inset of cancer that has spread to a lymph node and through the blood to other parts of the body.

Stage IVB cervical cancer. Cancer has spread to parts of the body away from the cervix, such as the liver, intestines, lungs, or bones.