NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

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The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,846 terms related to cancer and medicine.

Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.

biochemical relapse
(BY-oh-KEH-mih-kul REE-laps)
A rise in the blood level of PSA (prostate-specific antigen) in prostate cancer patients after treatment with surgery or radiation. Biochemical relapse may occur in patients who do not have symptoms. It may mean that the cancer has come back. Also called biochemical recurrence and PSA failure.