NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,916 terms related to cancer and medicine.
Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.
- listen (uh-FIH-nih-tor)
A drug used
with exemestane to treat some postmenopausal women with
advanced breast cancer that is hormone-receptor positive
and HER2 negative. It is also used to treat certain types
of pancreatic, lung, and gastrointestinal neuroendocrine
tumors that cannot be removed by surgery, are advanced, or
have spread to other parts of the body. It is also used to
treat advanced renal cell carcinoma (a type of kidney
cancer) and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma in some
patients, including children.
Afinitor is being studied in
the treatment of other types of cancer. It stops cancer
cells from dividing and may prevent the growth of new blood
vessels that tumors need to grow. It also lowers the body’s
immune response. Afinitor is a
type of kinase inhibitor, a type of angiogenesis inhibitor,
and a type of immunosuppressant. Also called Afinitor Disperz, everolimus, and RAD001.