The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,863 terms related
to cancer and medicine.
Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related
word or phrase in the search box.
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An atom or a molecule that has a positive or negative electrical charge. Examples are sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, and phosphate. These ions help move nutrients into cells, help move waste out of cells, and help nerves, muscles, the heart, and the brain work the way they should.