NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

  • Resize font
  • Print
  • Email
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Google+
  • Pinterest

The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 7,847 terms related to cancer and medicine.

Browse the dictionary by selecting a letter of the alphabet or by entering a cancer-related word or phrase in the search box.

ruxolitinib phosphate
(RUK-soh-LIH-tih-nib FOS-fayt)
A drug used to treat polycythemia vera in patients who cannot be treated with or have not gotten better with hydroxyurea. It is also used to treat certain types of myelofibrosis. It is being studied in the treatment of other blood diseases and some types of cancer. Ruxolitinib phosphate blocks a protein called JAK, which may help keep abnormal blood cells or cancer cells from growing. It is a type of tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Also called Jakafi.