Basic Trial Information
|Phase III||Treatment||Completed||18 and over||NCI, Other||CDR0000387803|
ACOSOG-Z9031, ECOG-Z9031, NCT00091351
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed. It is not yet known whether surgery is more effective with or without radiation therapy.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying surgery alone to see how well it works compared to radiation therapy together with surgery in treating patients with primary soft tissue sarcoma of the retroperitoneum or pelvis.
Further Study Information
- Compare progression-free survival of patients with primary soft tissue sarcoma of the retroperitoneum or pelvis treated with surgery with vs without preoperative radiotherapy.
- Compare the toxicity and complications associated with these regimens in these patients.
- Compare the rate of microscopically complete surgical resection in patients treated with these regimens.
- Compare the overall survival rate of patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor grade (low [G1] vs intermediate [G2] vs high [G3/4]), tumor size (< 15 cm vs ≥ 15 cm), and tumor histology (liposarcoma vs non-liposarcoma). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients undergo surgery.
- Arm II: Patients undergo preoperative radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 5.5 weeks. Within 28-63 days after the completion of radiotherapy, patients undergo surgery.
In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are followed at 28 days, 4 months, every 6 months for 5 years, and then annually for 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 370 patients (185 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 4.5 years.
- Histologically confirmed primary soft tissue sarcoma of the retroperitoneum or pelvis (e.g., iliac fossa)
- The following histologies are eligible:
- Alveolar soft part sarcoma
- Atypical lipomatous tumor (low-grade liposarcoma)
- Liposarcoma (all subtypes)
- Malignant fibrous histiocytoma
- Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
- The following histologies are not eligible:
- Extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma
- Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
- Aggressive fibromatosis (desmoid tumor)
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumor
- Retroperitoneal sarcomas located predominantly in the retroperitoneum extending across the inguinal ligament into the abdominal wall are allowed provided that ≥ 90% of the tumor volume is located within the retroperitoneal space
- No bowel obstruction OR history of previous bowel obstruction attributed to retroperitoneal tumor
- Primary non-visceral retroperitoneal masses consistent with sarcoma allowed provided diagnoses of carcinoma, melanoma, and lymphoma are excluded by immunohistochemistry
- Measurable gross disease by abdominopelvic CT scan (with IV and oral contrast) or MRI (with IV contrast)
- Patients must have undergone radiotherapy consultation within the past 30 days to confirm the feasibility of preoperative external-beam radiotherapy
- Patients must have undergone surgical consultation within the past 30 days to confirm and document the feasibility of macroscopically complete resection
- No prior macroscopically incomplete (R2) resection (i.e., partial debulking or subtotal tumor resection with gross residual disease)
- No pelvic sarcoma extending through the sciatic notch
- No clinical or radiographic evidence of probable metastatic disease
- Equivocal pulmonary or liver lesion allowed provided the likelihood of metastatic disease is small
- No sarcoma arising from bone or any retroperitoneal viscus (except the kidney)
- No sarcoma extending across the diaphragm into the thorax
- No recurrent retroperitoneal tumor
- Platelet count ≥ 80,000/mm^3
- Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Albumin normal* NOTE: *Higher levels allowed
- Functional kidney confirmed by intravenous pyelogram and/or differential renal isotope scan
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study participation
- No other malignancy within the past 5 years (except effectively treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer) unless patient was curatively treated AND is at low risk for recurrence
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- No concurrent chemotherapy for primary tumor
- No prior abdominal or pelvic irradiation
- No concurrent intraoperative or postoperative radiotherapy for primary tumor
- See Disease Characteristics
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
American College of Surgeons
- National Cancer Institute
Peter W.T. Pisters, Study Chair
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT00091351
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 12, 2014
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