Phase II Study of Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid in Patients With Progressive, Persistent, or Recurrent Stage IB-IV Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

  • Resize font
  • Print
  • Email
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Google+
  • Pinterest

First Published: 6/25/2005     Last Modified: 7/30/2007  

Alternate Title

Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid in Treating Patients With Progressive, Persistent, or Recurrent Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IITreatmentClosed18 and overNCI, Pharmaceutical / IndustryUCLA-0412112-01
MERCK-CL-01-0303 (2), NCT00091559, MERCK-001-02



  1. Determine the response rate in patients with skin disease associated with progressive, persistent, or recurrent stage IB-IV cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated with suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid.


  1. Determine the time to objective response, response duration, and time to progression in patients treated with this drug.
  2. Determine the relief of pruritus in patients treated with this drug.
  3. Determine the safety and tolerability of this drug in these patients.

Entry Criteria

Disease Characteristics:

  • Histologically confirmed cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, including Sézary syndrome (SS), within the past year
    • Stage IB-IV disease
  • Progressive, persistent*, or recurrent disease during or after ≥ 2 prior systemic therapies (parenteral or oral), 1 of which contained bexarotene**
    • The following are considered systemic therapy:
      • An antineoplastic agent in combination with photopheresis
      • Standard combination chemotherapy (e.g., CHOP, CVP, or CAP) in combination with bexarotene
      • Standard combination chemotherapy (e.g., CHOP, CVP, or CAP) in combination with a biologic agent (e.g., interferon or denileukin diftitox)
      • A biologic agent in combination with bexarotene
      • A cytotoxic agent (e.g., methotrexate or gemcitabine) in combination with bexarotene
      • A cytotoxic agent in combination with a biologic agent

     [Note: *Persistent disease defined as < 50% improvement of disease during ≥ 3 months of prior therapy unless patient is intolerant to therapy due to toxic effects]

     [Note: **Unless patient is intolerant of (discontinued bexarotene due to toxic effects) or not a candidate (due to presence of risk factors for pancreatitis) for bexarotene]

  • Has tumor-related symptoms (e.g., pruritus)

Prior/Concurrent Therapy:

    Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No concurrent biologic therapy
  • No concurrent prophylactic hematologic growth factors


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (including topical chemotherapy and photopheresis) unless there is rapid disease progression
  • No concurrent chemotherapy, including photopheresis

    Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent systemic steroids except for patients with SS
    • Patients with SS who have been on systemic steroids for the past 3 months AND who have been on a stable daily dose of steroids (equivalent to ≤ 10 mg of prednisone) within the past 4 weeks are eligible
  • No concurrent topical steroids
    • Patients who have been using topical steroids for the past 3 months or longer are eligible provided the dosage is ≤ 0.1% triamcinolone acetonide cream (Aristocort A® 0.1% cream or similar strength steroid cream) for the past 4 weeks


  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy unless there is rapid disease progression
  • No concurrent radiotherapy


  • At least 3 weeks since prior major surgery unless there is rapid disease progression


  • Recovered from all prior therapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior psoralen and ultraviolet light (PUVA)*
  • At least 3 weeks since prior investigational anticancer therapy*
  • No prior histone deacetylase inhibitors (e.g., FR901228, MS-275, or LAQ-824)
  • No concurrent topical or oral retinoids
  • No concurrent PUVA
  • No concurrent vitamin A
  • No other concurrent vitamins except for a single daily multivitamin
  • No other concurrent investigational anticancer therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs

 [Note: *Unless there is rapid disease progression]

Patient Characteristics:


  • 18 and over

    Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2

    Life expectancy

  • More than 3 months


  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3


  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (5 times ULN in the presence of tumor involvement to the liver)
  • No active hepatitis B or C infection


  • Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL


  • Creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min


  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia


  • No known allergy to any component of the study drug
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No known HIV infection
  • No acute infection requiring IV antibiotics or antifungal agents


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Able to swallow capsules
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No other cancer within the past 5 years except basal cell carcinoma
  • No other uncontrolled illness
  • No circumstance that would preclude study participation

Expected Enrollment

Approximately 70 patients (at least 50 with stage IIB-IV disease) will be accrued for this study within 1 year.


This is an open-label, nonrandomized, multicenter study.

Patients receive oral suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid once daily. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed within 4 weeks and then annually thereafter.

Published Results

Olsen EA, Kim YH, Kuzel TM, et al.: Phase IIb multicenter trial of vorinostat in patients with persistent, progressive, or treatment refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. J Clin Oncol 25 (21): 3109-15, 2007.[PUBMED Abstract]

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations

Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA

Lauren Pinter-Brown, MD, Protocol chair
Ph: 818-364-3205

Registry Information

Official TitlePhase IIB Multicenter Clinical Trial of Oral Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (SAHA) in Advanced Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Registered in ClinicalTrials.govNCT00091559
Date Submitted to PDQ2005-05-11
Information Last Verified2007-07-30
NCI Grant/Contract NumberP30-CA16042

Note: The purpose of most clinical trials listed in this database is to test new cancer treatments, or new methods of diagnosing, screening, or preventing cancer. Because all potentially harmful side effects are not known before a trial is conducted, dose and schedule modifications may be required for participants if they develop side effects from the treatment or test. The therapy or test described in this clinical trial is intended for use by clinical oncologists in carefully structured settings, and may not prove to be more effective than standard treatment. A responsible investigator associated with this clinical trial should be consulted before using this protocol.