Lenalidomide in Treating Patients Who Are Undergoing Autologous Stem Cell Transplant for Multiple Myeloma
Basic Trial Information
This randomized phase III trial is studying lenalidomide to see how well it works compared to a placebo in treating patients who are undergoing autologous stem cell transplant for multiple myeloma. A peripheral stem cell transplant may be able to replace blood-forming cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy. Biological therapies, such as lenalidomide, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Giving lenalidomide after autologous stem cell transplant may stop or slow the return of cancer. It is not yet known whether lenalidomide is more effective than a placebo when given after autologous stem cell transplant in treating multiple myeloma.
Further Study Information
I. Compare the efficacy of lenalidomide vs placebo as maintenance therapy after autologous stem cell transplantation, in terms of prolonging time to disease progression, in patients with multiple myeloma.
I. Compare the rate of complete response in patients treated with these regimens.
II. Compare the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
III. Determine the feasibility of long-term treatment with lenalidomide in these patients
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.
PERIPHERAL BLOOD STEM CELL (PBSC) MOBILIZATION: Patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide IV over 2-3 hours on day 1 OR IV over 1 hour every 3 hours three times on day 1. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) once daily beginning on day 5 and continuing until PBSC collection is complete. Patients then undergo leukapheresis for collection of PBSC.
AUTOLOGOUS PBSC TRANSPLANTATION (PBSCT): Approximately 2-4 weeks after PBSC collection, patients receive melphalan IV over 30-60 minutes on day -2. Patients undergo autologous PBSCT on day 0. Patients receive G-CSF SC once daily beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY*: Approximately 90-100 days after completion of autologous PBSCT, patients undergo restaging. Patients with disease progression are removed from the study. Patients with responding or stable disease are stratified according to levels of beta2 microglobulin at baseline ( >= 2.5 mg/dL vs normal), prior thalidomide (yes vs no), and prior lenalidomide (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 maintenance treatment arms.
ARM I: Beginning between day 100-110, patients receive oral lenalidomide once daily.
ARM II: Beginning between day 100-110, patients receive oral placebo once daily.
In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
[Note: *The maintenance dose is increased to a maximum dose of 3 pills over 3-6 months]
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 4 years and every 6 months thereafter.
Trial Contact Information
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
National Cancer Institute
Philip McCarthy, Principal Investigator
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.