Paclitaxel With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentCompleted18 and overNCI, OtherCDR0000069156
E2100, NCCTG-E2100, CAN-NCIC-MAC3, NSABP-E2100, ECOG-2100, MAC3, NCT00028990

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether paclitaxel works better with or without bevacizumab in treating breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is to see if paclitaxel works better with or without bevacizumab in treating patients who have locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.

Further Study Information


  • Compare the time to treatment failure in patients with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer treated with paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab.
  • Compare the objective response rate, duration of response, overall survival, and time to progression in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease-free interval (no more than 24 months vs more than 24 months), number of metastatic sites (less than 3 vs 3 or more), treatment with prior adjuvant chemotherapy (yes vs no), and estrogen receptor status (positive vs negative vs unknown). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15 followed by bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1 and 15.
  • Arm II: Patients receive paclitaxel as in arm I. In both arms, courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and on day 1 of weeks 17 and 33.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 316-650 patients (158-325 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 31 months.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast
  • Locally recurrent disease that is not amenable to surgical resection with curative intent OR
  • Metastatic disease
  • No HER-2-overexpressing (3+) breast cancer unless previously treated with trastuzumab (Herceptin)
  • Unknown HER-2 status allowed provided herceptin-based therapy inappropriate or not indicated
  • No prior or radiologic evidence of CNS metastases, including previously treated, resected, or asymptomatic brain lesions or leptomeningeal involvement by head CT scan or MRI
  • Hormone receptor status:
  • Not specified



  • 18 and over


  • Male or female

Menopausal status:

  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • No prior bleeding diathesis


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • SGOT no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (5 times ULN for known liver involvement)
  • PT/PTT no greater than 1.5 times normal
  • INR no greater than 1.5 times normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • No proteinuria by dipstick urinalysis
  • Trace proteinuria allowed
  • Proteinuria less than 500 mg by 24-hour urine collection if proteinuria at least 1+ by urinalysis


  • No clinically significant cardiovascular disease
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 12 months
  • No unstable angina
  • No prior deep vein thrombosis
  • No grade 2 or greater peripheral vascular disease
  • No uncontrolled congestive heart failure
  • No uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure greater than 170 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure greater than 95 mm Hg)
  • No prior cerebrovascular accident


  • No prior pulmonary embolism


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective non-hormonal contraception
  • No history of seizures
  • No non-healing wound or fracture
  • No hypersensitivity to paclitaxel, Cremophor EL, Chinese hamster ovary cell products, or other recombinant human antibodies
  • No active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics


Biologic therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics


  • No prior chemotherapy for locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer
  • At least 12 months since prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant taxane therapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior adjuvant chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • At least 3 weeks since prior hormonal therapy for locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer


  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • No prior radiotherapy to only site of disease
  • No concurrent local radiotherapy for pain control or life-threatening situations (e.g, superior vena cava syndrome, spinal cord compression, or CNS metastases)


  • At least 4 weeks since prior major surgical procedure except placement of vascular access device or breast biopsy
  • At least 7 days since prior minor surgical procedure, including placement of an access device or fine needle aspiration


  • At least 10 days since prior anticoagulant therapy (low-dose anticoagulant therapy to maintain patency of a vascular access device allowed)
  • At least 10 days since prior and no concurrent daily aspirin (more than 325 mg/day) or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication known to inhibit platelet function
  • No concurrent dipyridamole, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, or cilostazol

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
  • North Central Cancer Treatment Group
  • NCIC-Clinical Trials Group
  • National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project
Kathy Miller, Study Chair
Robin Zon
Edith A. Perez, Study Chair
Tamara N. Shenkier, Study Chair
Melody A. Cobleigh, Study Chair

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT00028990 processed this data on January 22, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to