Postoperative Use of Zoledronic Acid in Breast Cancer Patients After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentCompleted18 and overOtherGBG 36
NATAN, ABCSG 29, NCT00512993

Trial Description


The purpose of this study is to determine the event-free survival (EFS) after zoledronic acid for 5 years versus no postoperative treatment in patients with "chemo-insensitive" breast cancer (ypT1-4 and/or ypN1-3) after preoperative anthracycline/taxane containing chemotherapy

Further Study Information

The study is restricted to patients having had primary systemic chemotherapy for stage II and III breast cancer. Participation in a preoperative chemotherapy trial investigating anthracycline and taxane based regimen is allowed, but not mandatory for all patients. Patients must have significant remaining tumor tissue in the breast and/or axillary lymph node. This implies resistance to further chemotherapy and a clinically relevant risk for relapse. Bisphosphonates have a distinct mechanism of action and have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of breast cancer with metastasis to the bone as well as adjuvant treatment after surgery of primary breast cancer. The 3rd generation bisphosphonate zoledronic acid has a favorable toxicity profile and can be conveniently given to patients over a long term period.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent must be obtained and documented according to the local regulatory requirements prior to beginning specific protocol procedures;
  • Complete baseline documentation sent to GBG;
  • Prior preoperative chemotherapy for at least 4 cycles, of which at least two must contain a taxane and an anthracycline;
  • Completely resected unilateral or bilateral primary carcinoma of the breast with histologically detectable tumor residuals (ypT1-4) and/or histology confirmed involvement of axillary nodes (ypN1-3). Sentinel node biopsy is allowed, but complete axillary clearance is mandatory in node positive cases;
  • A maximum interval of 3 years from date of axillary surgery to entering this trial;
  • Age 18 years or older;
  • Karnofsky index >= 70%;
  • Life expectancy of at least 10 years, disregarding the diagnosis of cancer;
  • No clinical evidence of local recurrence or distant metastases. Complete staging work-up: All patients must have breast ultrasound, chest X-ray, ultrasound or CT scan of the liver within 3 months prior to registration, as well as (bilateral) mammography or breast MRI and bone scan within 8 months prior to registration. In case of a positive bone scan, bone X-ray is mandatory. Other tests may be performed as clinically indicated;
  • Adequate renal and hepatic function (serum creatinine, bilirubin, and transaminases within 1.5 × upper normal range);
  • Patients must be available and compliant for treatment and follow-up. Patients registered on this trial must be treated and followed up at the participating center.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity reaction to the investigational compound;
  • Prior postoperative chemotherapy;
  • Prior treatment with bisphosphonates since breast cancer surgery;
  • Pregnant or lactating patients. Patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test (urine or serum) within 14 days prior to registration and must implement adequate non-hormonal contraceptive measures (barrier methods, intra uterine contraceptive devices, sterilization) during study treatment;
  • History of diseases with influence on bone metabolism, such as Paget's disease of bone and primary hyperparathyroidism or osteoporosis requiring treatment at the time of study entry or considered likely to become necessary within the six months
  • Other serious illness or medical condition that may interfere with the understanding and giving of informed consent and the conduct of the study
  • Prior or concomitant secondary malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix)
  • Concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or any other anti-cancer therapy;
  • Abnormal renal function as evidenced by a calculated creatinine clearance < 30 ml/minute;
  • Serum calcium concentration < 8.0 mg/dl (2.00 mmol/L) or > 12.0 mg/dl (3.00 mmol/L)
  • Concurrent treatment with sex hormones. Prior treatment must be stopped before study entry;
  • Current active dental problems including infection of the teeth or jawbone (maxilla or mandibular); dental or fixture trauma, or a current or prior diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw, of exposed bone in the mouth, or of slow healing after dental procedures.
  • Recent (within 6 weeks) or planned dental or jaw surgery (e.g.. extraction, implants)
  • Male patients.

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

German Breast Group

  • Austrian Breast Cancer Study Group
  • Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Gunter von Minckwitz, Study Chair
Peter Dubsky, MD, Study Chair

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT00512993 processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to