Paclitaxel and CBT-1(Registered Trademark) to Treat Solid Tumors

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
No phase specifiedBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentCompleted18 and overNCI080035
08-C-0035, NCI-08-C-0035, NCT00658424, NCT00972205

Trial Description



  • Some cancer cells have a large amount of a protein called P-glycoprotein, which can pump certain chemotherapy drugs out of their cells. This pump may be part of the reason why it is difficult to shrink some cancers with chemotherapy.
  • In laboratory experiments, the drug CBT-1(Registered Trademark) blocked the P-glycoprotein pump, resulting in accumulation of higher amounts of chemotherapy inside the cancer cells, making the chemotherapy more effective.
  • Paclitaxel is a cancer drug that has caused tumors to shrink in many types of cancers, including lung, ovarian, breast, renal, cervical and others.


  • To determine whether CBT-1(Registered Trademark) can block the P-glycoprotein pump on cancer cells and whether it inhibits the action of the pump found in normal blood cells and liver tissue.
  • To evaluate the effectiveness of combination therapy using CBT-1(Registered Trademark) and paclitaxel in treating solid tumors and to determine whether the two drugs together are more effective than paclitaxel alone.


-Patients over 18 years of age who have a solid tumor that cannot be treated successfully with standard treatments.


-Patients receive CBT-1(Registered Trademark) and paclitaxel in 21-day cycles. Treatment continues for two cycles after all the cancer is gone, or until it is decided to surgically remove some or all of the remaining cancer, or until the cancer has grown to the point where it defined as progressive disease.

For each cycle, patients take CBT-1(Registered Trademark) by mouth in three divided doses daily for 7 days. On day 6, paclitaxel is given through a vein over 3 hours.

Blood tests are done before starting CBT-1(Registered Trademark) and repeated periodically throughout treatment.

Imaging studies computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (CT or MRI) are done every two cycles. In addition, for the first cycle only, patients undergo imaging of tumors and normal tissue with a 99mTc-sestamibi radionuclide scan before and after administration of CBT-1(Registered Trademark). This scan helps show how well the P-glycoprotein pump is being blocked by the treatment.

Further Study Information


This is a pharmacodynamic study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of CBT-1(Registered Trademark) as a modulator of Pgp-mediated drug efflux in patient tumors and normal tissues. The study will build on over a decade of experience with 99mTc-sestamibi imaging and rhodamine accumulation and efflux in normal circulating CD56 plus cells as surrogates for Pgp function. CBA Research, Inc., has carried out Phase I and II testing of CBT-1(Registered Trademark) as a drug resistance reversal agent, but has not yet confirmed that the inhibitor is able to block drug efflux.


Evaluate the impact of CBT-1(Registered Trademark) on the hepatic accumulation and retention of 99mTc-sestamibi in patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumor malignancies.

Evaluate the impact of CBT-1(Registered Trademark) on P-glycoprotein-mediated efflux from CD56 plus peripheral mononuclear cells.


Patients over 18 years of age who have histologic confirmation of relapsed/refractory cancer, following at least once standard treatment regimen, for whom there is no known standard therapy option capable of extending life expectancy. Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 or better, and have hematologic, renal, hepatic, and metabolic parameters suggestive of adequate organ function.


Patients will be treated according to CBA Research Phase II trial of CBT-1 and Taxol. Patients will begin protocol treatment with orally administered CBT-1(Registered Trademark) in two or three divided doses daily for 7 days. On day 6, 135 mg/m^2 paclitaxel will be administered by intravenous infusion over 3 hours. Prior to the initiation of CBT-1(Registered Trademark), and on Day 6, patients will undergo blood sampling for the rhodamine assay in CD56 plus circulating mononuclear cells. In addition, patients will undergo imaging of tumors and normal tissue with the 99mTc-sestamibi radionuclide scan. These two assays have shown convincing inhibition of Pgp-mediated drug efflux in past studies with Pgp inhibitors such as tariquidar and valspodar. Twelve patients are planned for enrollment to this study, which is powered to determine a difference between the control scan and the post-treatment scan but not to compare CBT-1(Registered Trademark) with previous inhibitors tested in the intramural program.

Eligibility Criteria


Patients must fulfill all of the following criteria to be eligible for study admission:

1. Age greater than 18 years.

2. Histologic or cytologic confirmation at National Cancer Institute (NCI) Laboratory of Pathology, of recurrent or refractory, or advanced metastatic cancer of the gastrointestinal tract, breast, Taxol (Trademark) naive breast cancer, small cell lung, ovarian, prostate, head and neck, multiple myeloma, non-small cell lung cancer, Taxol (Trademark) naive non-small cell lung cancer.

3. Performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2.

4. Life expectancy of 3 months or greater.

5. Patient must have adequate hematologic, renal, hepatic, and metabolic functions as defined: platelet count greater than 100,000 /mL, absolute granulocyte count (AGC) greater than 1500/mL, serum creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dl (or if greater than 2.0, a measured 24 hour creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min), serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) 4 times institutional upper limit of normal, bilirubin 2.0 mg/dl, prothrombin time (PT) less than 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal, partial thromboplastin time (PTT) less than 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal, calcium less than 5.3mEq/L, albumin greater than 2.0 g/dl.

6. Electrocardiogram (EKG) showing, at most, minor abnormalities that in the judgment of the protocol chairman would not compromise the patient's ability to tolerate therapy.

7. Patients must be greater than 4 weeks from prior radiation or chemotherapy; greater than 2 weeks from hormonal or immunotherapy; greater than 4 weeks from prior experimental therapy; greater than 6 weeks from mitomycin; and greater than 8 weeks from prior UCN01 treatment. Patients receiving dexamethasone as a pretreatment for anaphylactic reactions to Taxol (Trademark) or the cremophor vehicle will not be excluded from this study.

8. No serious intercurrent medical illness or serious infection that requires parenteral antibiotics.

9. Measurable disease by radiographic means or physical examination.

10. Willingness to sign a written informed consent.

11. Patients must agree to an effective method of contraception for the study (abstinence, hormonal or barrier method of birth control, or condom) for the study and 30 days after completion of protocol.


The following patient populations are not eligible for study:

1. Women of childbearing potential and potentially fertile men will be excluded unless using an effective contraception (ie. a barrier intrauterine device (IUD), birth control pill, or condom), during the treatment. Women who are pregnant or nursing will also be excluded.

2. Patients with significant intercurrent disease.

3. Human Immunodeficiencey virus (HIV) seropositive patients. Note: There may be an impact of CBT-1 on the pharmacokinetics of the drugs used in the therapy of HIV.

4. Ongoing serious infections that require parenteral antibiotics.

5. Patients with significant central nervous system (CNS) disease, including a history of seizures within the last 3 months or psychiatric history which would impair the ability to give informed consent or prevent compliance with protocol requirements.

6. Patients must not be eligible for surgery, or radiotherapy that is of known benefit to them, in terms of extension of survival. Patients with tumors sensitive to potentially curative chemotherapy must have failed such chemotherapy. Patients who have received radiation therapy may participate in this study one week after the conclusion of radiation therapy provided that the lesion being irradiated is not one that is being used to assess the efficacy of CBT-1 plus Taxol.

7. History of significant coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias requiring treatment, or history of other cardiac disease that in the judgment of the investigators, would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate the therapy.

8. Patients with active bleeding due to peptic ulcer disease.

9. History of anaphylactic reactions to paclitaxel or cremophor despite adequate premedication.

10. Clinically significant bleeding disorders.

11. Patients with solid organ allografts.

12. Patients on daily gastric acid secretion inhibitors.

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

    Susan Elaine Bates, Principal Investigator

    Link to the current record.
    NLM Identifier NCT00972205 processed this data on April 09, 2015

    Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to