Abiraterone Acetate in Treating Postmenopausal Women With Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer
Basic Trial Information
|Phase II, Phase I||Biomarker/Laboratory analysis, Treatment||Active||18 and over||Other||CDR0000614059|
CRUK-CR9304-21, EUDRACT-2007-003240-30, CR9304-21, NCT00755885
RATIONALE: Abiraterone acetate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of abiraterone acetate and to see how well it works in treating postmenopausal women with advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
Further Study Information
- To evaluate the safety and tolerability of abiraterone acetate in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor- or androgen receptor-positive advanced or metastatic breast cancer. (Phase I)
- To determine the recommended phase II dose of this drug in these patients. (Phase I)
- To evaluate the clinical benefit rate of this drug at 24 weeks in these patients. (Phase II)
- To study the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients. (Phase I)
- To determine the endocrine impact of this drug on the pituitary-adrenal-gonad endocrine axis. (Phase I)
- To estimate the duration of objective tumor response in these patients. (Phase II)
- To correlate response rates and duration of response with the endocrine profile in these patients. (Phase II)
- To determine overall survival of these patients. (Phase II)
- To enumerate and molecularly characterize circulating tumor cells.
- To identify normal genetic variations that predict resistance to this drug using pharmacogenomic analysis.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I study followed by a phase II study. Patients enrolled in the phase II portion of the study are stratified according to hormone receptor status (estrogen receptor [ER]-positive and any androgen receptor [AR] status vs AR-positive and ER-negative).
Patients receive oral abiraterone acetate once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Blood samples are collected periodically and analyzed for pharmacokinetic assays (phase I only), pharmacodynamic assays, circulating tumor cells, and pharmacogenomic analysis.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 28 days.
Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK.
1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced or metastatic breast carcinoma
2. Evidence of disease progression (off treatment) prior to trial commencement.
3. All patients must have received previous treatment in the adjuvant or metastatic setting:
- ER+ patients must have received at least two types of hormone therapy (e.g. aromatase inhibitors and Tamoxifen)
- HER2+ patients must have received Herceptin plus at least one other line of chemotherapy
- HER - ER- patients must have received at least one line of chemotherapy
4. Post-menopausal defined by:
1. Aged > 60 years or
2. Aged 45-59 years with intact uterus and amenorrhoeic for at least 12 months or
3. Aged > 40 years (has not received chemotherapy in the past 12 months) and no menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months (no other biological/physiological cause identified) and hormone levels are consistent with post menopausal status or
4. Aged > 18 years having had a bilateral surgical oophorectomy.
5. Either ER+ (any AR) or AR+ (ER-) disease (by immunohistochemistry)
6. For Phase II only: Measurable disease by RECIST criteria.
7. Life expectancy of at least 3 months.
8. World Health Organization (WHO) performance status of 0-2 (Appendix 1).
9. Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown below. These measurements must be performed within one week before the patient goes on study.
Lab Test Value required Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥9.0 g/dl Neutrophils ≥1.5 x 10^9/L Platelets ≥100 x 10^9/L Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper normal limit (ULN) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x ULN (5 x ULN in the presence of liver metastases) Creatinine clearance
Creatinine ≥50 ml/min
< 1.5 x ULN
10. Normal potassium and magnesium levels.
11. Normal baseline ACTH stimulation test
12. Systolic blood pressure < 160 and diastolic < 95 mmHg documented on at least 3 different occasions. Hypertension currently under control is permitted.
13. Cardiac Ejection Fraction > or = 50% measured by MUGA scan / ECHO
14. Written (signed and dated) informed consent and be capable of co-operating with treatment and follow-up.
1. Anti-cancer therapy including radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons), any endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or use of other investigational agents within four weeks prior to trial entry (six weeks for nitrosoureas and Mitomycin-C).
2. ER-and AR- breast cancer by immunohistochemistry.
3. Persistent grade 2 or greater toxicities from any cause (Exceptions to this are alopecia or certain Grade 2 toxicities, which in the opinion of the Investigator and the Drug Development Office (DDO) should not exclude the patient.).
4. Patients with known Central Nervous System (CNS) disease (primary or secondary) or leptomeningeal disease because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurological dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurological and other adverse events.
5. Gastrointestinal disorders interfering with absorption of the study drug.
6. Difficulties with swallowing study capsules/tablets.
7. Clinical and/or biochemical evidence of hyperaldosteronism or hypopituitarism.
8. History of thromboembolic disease within 12 months of commencing this trial.
9. Psychiatric disorders or altered mental status precluding understanding of the informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary studies.
10. Major thoracic and/or abdominal surgery or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks prior to trial entry from which the patient has not recovered.
11. At high medical risk because of non-malignant systemic disease including active infection or serious concurrent illness.
12. Active or uncontrolled autoimmune disease that may require corticosteroid therapy during protocol treatment.
13. Known immunocompromised patients, e.g. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
14. Current malignancies at other sites, with the exception of adequately treated cone-biopsied in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri and basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Cancer survivors, who have undergone potentially curative therapy for a prior malignancy, have no evidence of that disease for five years and are deemed at low risk for recurrence, are eligible for the study.
15. Significant cardiovascular disease as defined by:
1. Congestive heart failure with severity NYHA III or IV (see Appendix 4);
2. History of unstable angina pectoris or myocardial infarction up to 6 months prior to trial entry;
3. Presence of severe valvular heart disease;
4. Presence of a ventricular arrhythmia requiring treatment.
16. Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient a good candidate for the clinical trial.
Trial Contact Information
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
Cancer Research UK
University of Birmingham,
Ph: 0121 414 7611
Edinburgh Cancer Centre at Western General Hospital
Ph: 0131 537 1042
Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre
Ph: 0141 301 7128
Royal Marsden - Surrey
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT00755885
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on April 09, 2015
Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.