GDC-0449 in Treating Young Patients With Medulloblastoma That is Recurrent or Did Not Respond to Previous Treatment

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentCompleted3 to 21NCINCI-2009-01180
CDR0000631677, PBTC-025, U01CA081457, NCT00822458

Trial Description


This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of GDC-0449 in treating young patients with medulloblastoma that is recurrent or did not respond to previous treatment. GDC-0449 may be effective in treating young patients with medulloblastoma.

Further Study Information


I. To investigate the safety and pharmacokinetics of a daily dose of hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 using the available formulation in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory medulloblastoma.


I. To document and describe toxicities associated with this drug in these patients.

II. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients. III. To document preliminary antitumor activity of this drug in these patients. IV. To document pathologic and genomic methods to identify CNS tumors with activation of the PTCH/SHH pathway.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 once daily on days 1 and 4-28 in course 1 and on days 1-28 in all subsequent courses. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 26 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood samples are collected periodically for pharmacokinetic studies. Archival tumor tissue samples are collected and analyzed for the expression of genes that activate the SHH (e.g., Gli1, Gli2, SFRP1, ATOH1, and PTCH2) or WNT (e.g., DKK2 and DKK4) cell signal pathways by in situ hybridization and reverse transcriptase real time-PCR.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed for 90 days.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed medulloblastoma, including posterior fossa primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)
  • Recurrent, progressive, or refractory to standard therapy
  • No known curative therapy exists
  • Neurological deficits allowed provided they are stable for ≥ 1 week prior to study entry
  • No atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor or supratentorial PNET
  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) 60-100% (for patients > 16 years of age) OR Lansky PS 60-100% (for patients ≤ 16 years of age)
  • ANC ≥ 1,000/μL*
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL (transfusion independent)*
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (RBC transfusion allowed)*
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR ≥ 70 mL/min OR serum creatinine based on age as follows:
  • ≤ 0.8 mg/dL (for patients ≤ 5 years of age)
  • ≤ 1.0 mg/dL (for patients 6 to 10 years of age)
  • ≤ 1.2 mg/dL (for patients 11 to 15 years of age)
  • ≤ 1.5 mg/dL (for patients > 15 years of age)
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • ALT/AST ≤ 2.5 times ULN for age
  • Serum albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile female patients must use 2 effective methods of contraception during and for 12 months following study treatment
  • Fertile male patients must use effective barrier contraception during and for 12 months following study treatment
  • Body surface area > 0.67 m^2 and ≤ 2.5 m^2
  • Able to swallow capsules
  • No malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral absorption
  • No history of congestive heart failure
  • No history of ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication
  • No uncontrolled hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, or hypokalemia, defined as less than the lower limit of normal despite adequate electrolyte supplementation
  • No clinically important history of liver disease, including viral hepatitis or cirrhosis
  • No concurrent clinically significant unrelated systemic illness (e.g., serious infection) or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, or other organ dysfunction that would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate study treatment or would likely interfere with study procedures or results
  • NOTE: * In the absence of bone marrow involvement
  • Recovered from prior treatment-related toxicity
  • At least 3 months since prior craniospinal radiotherapy (at doses ≥ 23 Gy)
  • At least 8 weeks since prior local radiotherapy to primary tumor
  • At least 2 weeks since prior focal radiotherapy to symptomatic metastatic sites
  • More than 4 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy or immunotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas)
  • More than 1 week since prior colony-stimulating factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF], sargramostim [GM-CSF], or erythropoietin)
  • No other concurrent anticancer or investigational drug therapy
  • Concurrent dexamethasone allowed provided dosage is stable or decreasing for ≥ 1 week prior to study entry

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

    Amar Gajjar, Principal Investigator

    Trial Sites


    North Carolina

    Duke Cancer Institute

    Sri Gururangan
    Ph: 919-668-6288

    Link to the current record.
    NLM Identifier NCT00822458 processed this data on November 12, 2014

    Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to