Lymphedema After Surgery in Patients With Endometrial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, or Vulvar Cancer

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
No phase specifiedSupportive care, TreatmentClosed18 and overNCI, OtherGOG-0244
NCI-2011-01932, CDR0000646813, U10CA101165, UG1CA189867, NCT00956670

Trial Description


This clinical trial studies lymphedema after surgery in patients with endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, or vulvar cancer. Collecting information over time about how often lymphedema occurs in patients undergoing surgery and lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer may help doctors learn more about the disease and plan the best treatment.

Further Study Information


I. To prospectively estimate the incidence of lower extremity lymphedema in patients undergoing radical surgery with a concurrent lymphadenectomy with a concurrent lymphadenectomy for a gynecologic malignancy.

II. To identify risk factors for the development of lower extremity lymphedema following radical surgery among patients with any one of the three types of gynecologic malignancy studied and to develop a corresponding predictive model.


I. To identify the effect that lower extremity lymphedema has on quality of life (QOL) (as measured with Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General [FACT-G] + disease specific subscale), psychological adjustment (as measured with Impact of Events Scale [IES] and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy [FACIT] body image items) and physical disability (of lower extremity as measured with Lower Extremity Functional Scale [LEFS]) and physical function(as measured by FACT-Functional Wellbeing [FW] subscale, FACIT disease specific items & patient-reported outcomes measurement information system [PROMIS] items) and to investigate potential protective mechanisms (FACT-Social Wellbeing [SW] subscale and patient characteristics).

II. To explore if patient self-reported symptoms (as measured with the lymphedema [LE] Symptom Measure [Cancer Lymphedema Questionnaire (GCLQ)]) are associated with the development of lymphedema in patients undergoing radical surgery for gynecologic malignancy.


I. To explore the effect of moderate or severe lymphedema (primary endpoint) on QOL outcomes, as measured by the FACT-General (G) questionnaire.


Patients with vulvar cancer undergo a radical vulvectomy or hemi-vulvectomy followed immediately by an ipsilateral or bilateral inguinal-femoral lymphadenectomy. (Closed to accrual as of June 9, 2014)

Patients with cervical cancer undergo a radical hysterectomy or trachelectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy +/- para-aortic nodal sampling via vaginal, laparoscopic, or open route.

Patients with endometrial cancer undergo a laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, a total laparoscopic hysterectomy, or total abdominal hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy +/- para-aortic node sampling.

Patients undergo limb measurements at baseline, weeks 4-6, and at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will be registered into three distinct groupings, and each group will be analyzed as a separate study:
  • Patients who will undergo or have undergone hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) and pelvic lymphadenectomy +/- para-aortic node sampling via open or laparoscopic technique for clinical stage I-II or surgical stage I-III uterine carcinoma, including those receiving postoperative adjuvant therapy; patients enrolling after surgery may have a pathologic stage of I-III OR
  • Patients who will undergo or have undergone radical hysterectomy or trachelectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy +/- para-aortic node sampling via open or laparoscopic technique for clinical stage IA-IIA cervical carcinoma, including those receiving postoperative adjuvant therapy OR
  • Patients with vulvar cancer who will undergo or have undergone definitive surgery for primary stage I-IV vulvar cancer who will or have received a radical vulvectomy or radical local excision with concurrent unilateral or bilateral inguinal or inguinal-femoral lymphadenectomy; patients who are going to receive multi-modality therapy (radiation +/-chemotherapy) after undergoing surgery are eligible; patients may undergo sentinel node mapping as long as it is followed by a full lymphadenectomy; (note: enrollment of vulvar patients was closed on June 9, 2014; no vulvar patients will be enrolled after closure of this arm)
  • Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting release of personal health information
  • Patients must have a serum albumin level of >= 3.0 within 14 days of entry
  • Surgery must occur within 5 business days before study entry or within eight weeks after study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with any prior clinical history of lower extremity lymphedema
  • Patients who have a history of congestive heart failure, chronic renal disease, or chronic liver disease
  • Patients with a prior history of chronic lower extremity swelling
  • Patients with a Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) performance grade of 3 or 4
  • Patients with a history of other invasive malignancies if their previous cancer treatment included any of the surgical procedures
  • Patients who have had prior lower extremity vascular surgery (arterial or venous)
  • Patients who have had prior pelvic, abdominal, inguinal, or lower extremity radiation therapy
  • Patients who have had or are going to receive another elective surgery during the same operative event as their pelvic (cervical or uterine cancers) or inguinal (vulvar) lymphadenectomy
  • Vulvar patients, from June 9, 2014 on
  • Patients cannot be enrolled on the trial unless there is at least one person at the participating site who has been trained in performing limb measurements
  • Patients who do not undergo or have not undergone the lymphadenectomy portion of the procedure
  • Patients who enter the study and then undergo sentinel node biopsy without the intention of undergoing complete lymphadenectomy

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Gynecologic Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
Richard Barakat, Principal Investigator

Trial Sites



Via Christi Cancer Center at Via Christi Regional Medical Center

Shaker R. Dakhil
Ph: 316-262-4467

Grand Rapids

Gynecologic Oncology of West Michigan

Gordon O. Downey
Ph: 616-957-3398

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT00956670 processed this data on December 23, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to