Vorinostat, Rituximab, and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage II, Stage III, or Stage IV Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase II, Phase IBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentClosed18 and overNCINCI-2011-01964
CDR0000653803, S0806, U10CA032102, SWOG-S0806, NCT00972478

Trial Description


This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vorinostat when given together with rituximab and combination chemotherapy and to see how well it works in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage II, stage III, or stage IV diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Vorinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the cancer. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer cell growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cell-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving vorinostat together with rituximab and combination chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells.

Further Study Information


I. To find a safe dose of vorinostat to be used in combination with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone) (vorinostat-R-CHOP). (Phase I) II. To estimate the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate in patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with vorinostat and R-CHOP therapy (vorinostat-R-CHOP). (Phase II) III. To estimate the response rate (complete and partial) and 2-year overall survival rate. (Phase II) IV. To evaluate the toxicity of vorinostat-R-CHOP in patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL. (Phase II) V. To assess whether pre-treatment acetylation status of histones, expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II genes, and/or percentage of cluster of differentiation (CD)8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes correlate with progression-free survival. (Phase II) VI. To explore whether treatment with vorinostat-R-CHOP increases histone acetylation, alters expression of MHC class II proteins, or alters percentage of T-cell subsets (CD8+, CD4+, forkhead box P3 [FOXP3]+) or infiltrating macrophages. (Phase II) VII. To explore whether histone acetylation status of tumor tissues correlates with MHC class II expression of peripheral blood B cells and lymphocyte subsets. (Phase II) VIII. To explore whether the change in systemic levels of immune cytokines with vorinostat-R-CHOP correlates with lymphoma symptoms, response, progression-free or overall survival. (Phase II)

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose escalation study of vorinostat followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive vorinostat orally (PO) once daily on days 1-5 or 1-9 (according to dose level), rituximab intravenously (IV), cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and vincristine sulfate IV on day 3. Patients also receive prednisone PO once daily on days 3-7. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually for 3 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have biopsy proven, newly diagnosed DLBCL with stage II bulky, stage III or stage IV disease, with an International Prognostic Index (IPI) or revised (R)-IPI score greater than 0; a report providing confirmation of CD20 expression must be submitted
  • Adequate sections from the original diagnostic specimen must be available for submission for review by the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) Lymphoma Pathology Laboratory; an adequate biopsy requires sufficient tissue to establish the architecture and World Health Organization (WHO) histologic subtype with certainty; fine needle aspiration or cytology is not adequate
  • Patients must be offered the opportunity to consent to the correlative science studies; patients are encouraged to submit specimens for correlative studies; however, specimen submission is not a requirement for participation in the study
  • Patients must have measurable disease; measurable disease must be determined by computed tomography (CT) scan of chest, abdomen and pelvis performed within 28 days prior to registration; positron emission tomography (PET)/CT may be substituted for CT scan only if CT scan is of diagnostic quality and is contrast enhanced
  • Patients must have a unilateral bone marrow aspirate and biopsy for staging performed within 42 days prior to registration
  • Patients must not have clinical evidence of central nervous system involvement by lymphoma; any laboratory or radiographic tests performed within 42 days prior to registration to assess central nervous system (CNS) involvement must be negative
  • Patients must not have received prior chemotherapy, radiation, or antibody therapy for lymphoma; steroid pre-medication for IV contrast allergy is allowed
  • Patients must have Zubrod performance status of 0-2
  • Patients must have serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) measured within 28 days prior to registration
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,000/mcL within 28 days prior to registration, unless due to bone marrow infiltration by lymphoma
  • Platelets > 100,000/mcL within 28 days prior to registration, unless due to bone marrow infiltration by lymphoma
  • Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ institutional lower limit of normal (ILLN) by multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or 2-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram (ECHO) with no significant abnormalities within 42 days prior to registration
  • Patients must not have received valproic acid (a histone deacetylase [HDAC] inhibitor) within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients must have no known hypersensitivity to the components of treatment
  • Patients must be willing to discontinue taking any medications that are generally accepted to have a risk of causing Torsades de Pointes while on study
  • Patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive are not eligible; existing therapeutic options are effective and study design does not support assessing the efficacy of treatment on those with HIV
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for five years
  • Patients must not be pregnant or nursing; women/men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method; a woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months; in addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation; however, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
  • At the time of patient registration, the treating institution's name and identification (ID) number must be provided to the Data Operations Center in Seattle in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered into the data base

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

    Daniel Persky, Principal Investigator

    Trial Sites


    Beech Grove

    St. Francis Hospital and Health Centers - Beech Grove Campus

    Howard M. Gross
    Ph: 765-983-3000

    New York

    Falck Cancer Center at Arnot Ogden Medical Center

    Jonathan W Friedberg
    Ph: 585-275-5830

    South Carolina

    AnMed Cancer Center

    James Dewitt Bearden
    Ph: 800-486-5941

    Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
    NLM Identifier NCT00972478
    ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on May 18, 2015

    Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.