Armodafinil in Treating Fatigue Caused By Radiation Therapy in Patients With Primary Brain Tumors

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IISupportive care, TreatmentCompleted18 and overNCICCCWFU97509
U10CA081851, WFU-08-03-06, CEPHALON-CCCWFU-97509, NCT01032200

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Armodafinil may help relieve fatigue and improve quality of life in patients with cancer receiving radiation therapy to the brain.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well armodafinil works in treating fatigue caused by radiation therapy in patients with primary brain tumors.

Further Study Information



  • To estimate study accrual, adherence, retention, and participation of patients with primary brain tumors undergoing partial- or whole-brain radiotherapy who are randomized to receive armodafinil or placebo.
  • To estimate the variability of fatigue, quality of life, and neurocognitive function in these patients.


  • To obtain a preliminary estimate of the effect of armodafinil on fatigue as measured by the fatigue subscale of the FACIT-F and the Brief Fatigue Inventory.
  • To estimate the rates of toxicity and adverse events associated with armodafinil.
  • To obtain preliminary estimates of the effect of armodafinil on sleepiness as measured by the Epworth Sleep Scale; overall quality of life and brain-specific quality of life as measured by the FACT-G with the brain subscale; and cognitive function as measured by a comprehensive Wake Forest Cognitive Function Battery.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to therapy (radiotherapy alone vs radiotherapy and chemotherapy) and Karnofsky performance status (60-80% vs 90-100%). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral armodafinil once daily beginning no later than the fifth fraction of brain radiotherapy and continuing for 9-11 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo once daily beginning no later than the fifth fraction of brain radiotherapy and continuing for 9-11 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

Patients complete questionnaires assessing fatigue, quality of life, and neurocognitive function at baseline and periodically during study.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Histologically confirmed primary brain tumor, including any of the following:
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Anaplastic astrocytoma
  • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
  • Anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma
  • Low-grade glioma
  • Meningioma
  • Ependymoma
  • Other primary brain tumor histologies
  • Planning to undergo external-beam cranial radiotherapy (partial- or whole-brain radiotherapy) meeting all of the following criteria:
  • Total dose ≥ 4,500 cGy
  • Total number of fractions ≥ 25 fractions
  • Dose per fraction ≥ 150 cGy


  • Karnofsky performance status 60-100%
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL (erythropoietin or transfusion allowed for symptomatically anemic patients with a hemoglobin < 10 g/dL)
  • Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT and SGPT ≤ 3 times ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Sexually active women of childbearing potential must use a reliable method of birth control
  • It is recommended that patients use non-hormonal contraceptives, in addition to or in place of hormonal contraceptives, during and for one month following treatment with armodafinil
  • Prior malignancies allowed
  • No baseline headaches (i.e., headaches occurring in the week before baseline assessment) of grade 4 severity (defined as severe and disabling headaches, requiring analgesics, and interfering with and preventing function or activities of daily living)
  • No concurrent uncontrolled illness that may cause fatigue; interfere with drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion; or limit compliance with study requirements including, but not limited to, any of the following:
  • Ongoing or active infection
  • Chronic renal insufficiency
  • Psychiatric illness (psychosis, psychotic disorder, history of suicide attempt, or actively suicidal)
  • Extreme social situations (e.g., transportation issues that would preclude study compliance)
  • Patients with a history of cardiac issues (symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia) should not use armodafinil as it may cause chest pain, palpitations, dyspnea, and transient ischemic T-wave changes on ECG
  • No history of allergic reaction attributed to modafinil or armodafinil
  • No anticipated or planned excessive consumption of coffee, tea, and/or caffeine-containing beverages averaging > 600 mg of caffeine/day (i.e., approximately 6 cups of coffee/day, 12 cups of hot tea/day, or 12 cans of cola/day)


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior fractionated external-beam cranial radiotherapy
  • More than 30 days since prior monoamine oxidate inhibitors or investigational drugs
  • More than 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent modafinil (Provigil), donepezil (Aricept), memantine hydrochloride (Namenda), methylphenidate (Ritalin), dextroamphetamine-amphetamine (Adderall), ginkgo biloba, or any other cognitive function-enhancing drugs
  • At least 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent interstitial or intracavitary chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery (i.e., Gamma Knife, Linac, or Cyberknife)
  • No concurrent erythropoietin, transfusion, or iron therapy (unless patient is symptomatically anemic with hemoglobin < 10 g/dL)
  • Concurrent chemotherapy allowed
  • Concurrent hormonal therapy for other malignancies allowed
  • No concurrent non-hormonal therapy (e.g., Herceptin and other targeted agents), or cytotoxic chemotherapy
  • No concurrent clopidogrel bisulfate (Plavix)

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Wake Forest NCORP Research Base

  • National Cancer Institute
Edward G. Shaw, Principal Investigator

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT01032200 processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to