Dose-Escalation Phase 1 Study of G-202 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentCompleted18 and overPharmaceutical / IndustryG-202-001

Trial Description


This is an open-label, single-arm, dose-escalation Phase I study to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of G-202 when administered once daily for 3 consecutive days of a 28-day cycle in patients with advanced solid tumors. G-202 will be administered by intravenous infusion over 1 hour on Days 1, 2 and 3 of each 28-day cycle.

Further Study Information

Pro-drug chemotherapy is an approach to cancer treatment that is being investigated as a means to achieve higher concentrations of cytotoxic or biologically active agents at a tumor location while avoiding systemic toxicity. With pro-drug chemotherapy, a relatively non-toxic form of a cytotoxin, the pro-drug, is converted into the active cytotoxic agent at the tumor site or other specific location. G-202 is a thapsigargin pro-drug; it consists of a cytotoxic analog of thapsigargin coupled to a masking peptide which inhibits its biologic activity until proteolytic cleavage at the tumor site. Thapsigargin is a natural product with profound effects on cell viability. Thapsigargin is a non-cell-type specific toxin with documented ability to kill a broad spectrum of cancer cell lines as well as normal endothelial cells, fibroblasts and osteoblasts. It induces a rapid and pronounced increase in the concentration of cytosolic calcium, due to blockade of the Sarcoplasmic/Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium ATPase (SERCA) pump to which it binds with high affinity. The increase in cytosolic calcium leads to induction of apoptosis and ensuing cell death.

The anti-tumor effect of G-202 in humans with advanced solid tumors is not yet known.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically-confirmed malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • Disease that is measurable and/ or evaluable by RECIST criteria. Patients with prostate cancer require presence of disease on bone scan and/or CT scan and evidence of increasing PSA after standard hormonal therapy
  • ECOG Performance Status ≤ 2
  • Life expectancy estimated to be at least 3 months
  • Acceptable liver function:
  • In the absence of disease involvement in the liver and if bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and GGT may be ≤ 2 times ULN
  • In the presence of disease involvement in the liver and if bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and GGT may be ≤ 5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN Patients with bone metastases alkaline phosphatases ≤ 5 times ULN
  • Acceptable renal function:
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN, OR
  • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • Acceptable hematologic status:
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500 cells/mm3 (1.5 ×109/L)
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000 platelet/mm3 (100 ×109/L)
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Urinalysis with no evidence of proteinuria
  • Acceptable coagulation profile (PT or INR, PTT) < 1.5 times ULN
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy or surgery, with recovery to Grade 1 or baseline of significant toxicities felt related to prior drug(s)
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening.
  • All patients (males and females) of child-bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of birth control
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients with prostate cancer must continue androgen deprivation therapy with LHRH agonists

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Documentation of keratosis follicularis, also known as Darier or Darier-White disease
  • Known hypersensitivity to any study drug component, including thapsigargin derivatives, Polysorbate 20, or propylene glycol
  • Patients with known and untreated brain metastases. Patients with brain metastases that have been treated and demonstrated to be clinically stable for at least 30 days may be enrolled onto the study
  • Patients with a family history of coagulopathy or patients with DVT or pulmonary embolus within the last 6 months
  • Patients taking anti-coagulants that include Coumadin or low molecular weight heparin
  • Patients with pre-existing cardiac conditions:
  • Prior documented myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
  • Pre-existing cardiac failure (NYHA class III-IV)
  • Atrial fibrillation on anti-coagulants
  • Unstable angina
  • Severe valvulopathy
  • Cardiac angioplasty or stenting within the last 6 months
  • Use or requirement for use of inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome isoenzymes
  • Corrected QTc prolongation value, calculated using Bazett's formula (QTcB = QT/RR ½), > 450 msec
  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Evidence of serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric or other condition (including laboratory abnormalities) that could interfere with patient safety or provision of informed consent to participate in this study
  • Active uncontrolled infection, including known history of AIDS or hepatitis B or C
  • Any psychological, sociological, or geographical condition that could potentially interfere with compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule
  • Concurrently receiving any other investigational agents while on study

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

GenSpera, Incorporated

    George Wilding, Principal Investigator
    Michael A. Carducci, Principal Investigator
    Devalingam Mahalingam, MD, Principal Investigator

    Link to the current record.
    NLM Identifier NCT01056029 processed this data on February 27, 2015

    Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to