Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy After Surgery in Treating Children With Newly Diagnosed Astrocytoma, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Gliosarcoma, or Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IITreatmentCompleted3 to 21NCI, OtherACNS0126
COG-ACNS0126, CDR0000069135, NCT00028795

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving chemotherapy together with radiation therapy after surgery followed by chemotherapy alone works in children with newly diagnosed astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme, gliosarcoma, or diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma.

Further Study Information


  • Compare the event-free survival of patients with newly diagnosed anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme, gliosarcoma, or diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) treated with adjuvant temozolomide administered concurrently with postoperative radiotherapy and then alone as maintenance therapy vs historical control cohorts treated in prior Pediatric Oncology Group and Children's Cancer Group studies.
  • Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the efficacy of this regimen in patients with DIPG.
  • Determine the toxicity of this regimen in patients with DIPG.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

  • Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy: Beginning within 6 weeks after surgical resection or diagnosis*, patients without gross residual disease undergo cranial irradiation 5 days a week for 6 weeks. Beginning within 6 weeks after surgical resection, patients with gross residual disease undergo radiotherapy as above followed by boost radiotherapy for 1 week. All patients receive oral temozolomide once daily beginning within 5 days after initiation of radiotherapy and continuing for a total of 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Adjuvant maintenance therapy: Beginning 4 weeks after completion of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, patients receive oral temozolomide on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for a total of 10 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NOTE: *For patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma only

Patients are followed every 3-6 months for 4 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50-60 patients will be accrued for this study within 12-14 months.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Histologically confirmed newly diagnosed CNS tumor of the following types:
  • High grade glioma (HGG) of one of the following histologies:
  • Anaplastic astrocytoma (grade III)
  • Glioblastoma multiforme (grade IV)
  • Gliosarcoma
  • Primary spinal cord malignant glioma
  • Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG)
  • Diagnosed by gadolinium-enhanced MRI
  • At least 2/3 of tumor situated in the pons AND tumor clearly originated in the pons
  • No diffuse leptomeningeal disease
  • No tumors with features not typical of diffuse intrinsic brainstem glioma, including any of the following:
  • Dorsally exophytic brainstem glioma
  • Cervico-medullary junction tumor
  • Focal low-grade glioma of the midbrain or brainstem
  • No diffuse brainstem enlargement due to neurofibromatosis
  • No primary brain stem malignant glioma
  • No M+ disease (CSF positive for tumor or metastatic disease)
  • Must begin study radiotherapy within 6 weeks after surgical resection (for HGG patients) or diagnosis (for DIPG patients)



  • 3 to 21

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 50-100% OR
  • Lansky 50-100%

Life expectancy:

  • At least 2 months


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3*
  • Hemoglobin at least 10.0 g/dL* NOTE: *Transfusion independent


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT or SGPT less than 2.5 times ULN


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN


  • No other concurrent malignancy
  • Concurrent seizure disorder allowed if well controlled on anticonvulsants
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 2 months after completion of study treatment



  • No concurrent routine cytokine support


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent corticosteroids except for increased intracranial pressure in patients with CNS tumors


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • No prior therapy for HGG or DIPG

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Children's Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
Kenneth J. Cohen, Study Chair

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT00028795 processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to