Food Effect Study of Abiraterone Acetate for Treatment of Patients With Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentActiveNot specifiedNCI, Other11-0709
NCI-2012-00116, NCT01543776

Trial Description


This randomized phase II trial studies the best way to give abiraterone acetate in treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. Abiraterone acetate is effective in treating castrate resistant prostate cancer and is taken in the fasting state. However, the body's absorption of abiraterone is increased with food intake. This study will test the whether a lower dose of abiraterone taken with food has a similar effect on prostate specific antigen (PSA) compared to full dose taken fasting.

Further Study Information


I. To compare the pharmacodynamic effect of reduced dose (250mg daily) abiraterone acetate in the prandial state (250mg-Fed) to the full, standard 1000mg daily dose in the fasting state (1000mg-Fasting) as assessed by change in serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA).


I. To evaluate the effect of prandial states on plasma levels and the intra-patient pharmacokinetic variability of abiraterone acetate.

II. To evaluate the safety profile of reduced dose abiraterone acetate taken in the prandial state.

III. To evaluate the pharmacodynamic effect of reduced dose abiraterone acetate in the prandial state as assessed by reduction in the extra-gonadal androgen dihydroepiadrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and dihydroepiandrostenedione (DHEA).

IV. To evaluate the effect of prandial state on time to disease progression (Working group criteria).

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive abiraterone acetate orally (PO) daily first thing in morning after an overnight fast of at least 8 hours.

ARM II: Patients receive abiraterone acetate PO daily within 30 minutes of a conventional low-fat breakfast.

In both arms, courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Both arms will also be treated with prednisone 5mg twice daily.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up within 30 days.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed prostate cancer with progressive disease defined as either:
  • 2 or more new lesions on bone scan or
  • Progressive disease on computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria or
  • Rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA): PSA evidence for progressive prostate cancer consists of a minimum PSA level of at least 2 ng/ml, which has subsequently risen on at least 2 successive occasions, at least 2 weeks apart
  • Evidence of castration resistance defined as disease progression despite a testosterone level < 50 ng/dL (or surgical castration)
  • Patients must have received prior docetaxel based chemotherapy for metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)
  • Any prior therapy for castrate disease is acceptable except prior abiraterone, which is excluded; a minimum washout of 28 days for any other anticancer therapy prior to first dose of study drug is required
  • Any other radiotherapy or radionuclide require 28-day washout prior to first dose of study drug
  • Denosumab or zoledronic acid are allowed
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x the upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Therapy with other hormonal therapy, including any dose of megestrol acetate (Megace), finasteride (Proscar), dutasteride (Avodart), or any herbal product known to decrease PSA levels (e.g., saw palmetto and PC-SPES), or any systemic corticosteroid (other than prednisone =< 10 mg/day) within 4 weeks prior to first dose of study drug
  • Therapy with supplements or complementary medicines/botanicals within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug is excluded with the following exceptions:
  • Conventional multivitamin supplements
  • Selenium
  • Lycopene
  • Soy supplements
  • Inability to swallow capsules or known gastrointestinal malabsorption
  • History of other malignancies, with the exception of adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or adequately treated superficial bladder cancer or other solid tumors curatively treated with no evidence of disease for >= 5 years from enrollment
  • Blood pressure that is not controlled despite > 2 oral agents (systolic blood pressure [SBP] > 160 and diastolic blood pressure [DBP] > 90 documented during the screening period with no subsequent blood pressure readings < 160/100)
  • Serum potassium (K)+ < 3.5 mmoL/L on more than one reading within the screening period
  • Serious intercurrent infections or non-malignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled
  • Active psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with protocol requirements
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II, NYHA class III, or IV congestive heart failure (any symptomatic heart failure)
  • Concurrent therapy with strong inhibitors or inducers of Cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 due to concerning possible drug-drug interactions with abiraterone

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

University of Chicago Cancer Research Center

  • National Cancer Institute
Russell Szmulewitz, Principal Investigator
Elia Martinez, RN
Ph: 773-702-3623

Trial Sites



Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University

Erika Jodice
Ph: 404-778-4083


University of Chicago Cancer Research Center

Russell Z. Szmulewitz
Ph: 773-702-7609

Russell Z. Szmulewitz
Principal Investigator


NorthShore University HealthSystem Center for Medical Genetics - Evanston

Susan Greve
Ph: 847-657-5954


Ingalls Memorial Hospital

Peggy Marriott
Ph: 708-915-6119

Mark F. Kozloff
Principal Investigator


Oncology Hematology Associates of Central Illinois, PC - Peoria

Jamie Harper, BS
Ph: 309-243-3618

Sachdev P Thomas, MD
Principal Investigator

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT01543776 processed this data on November 12, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to