Comparison of Cabazitaxel/Prednisone Alone or in Combination With Custirsen for 2nd Line Chemotherapy in Prostate Cancer
Basic Trial Information
|Phase III||Treatment||Closed||Not specified||Pharmaceutical / Industry||OGX-011-12|
This Phase 3 study has been designed to confirm that adding custirsen to cabazitaxel/prednisone treatment can slow tumor progression and enhance survival outcomes compared to standard cabazitaxel/prednisone treatment in men with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This will be a randomized, open-label, multicenter, international trial. Treatment will consist of cabazitaxel/prednisone/custirsen vs. cabazitaxel/prednisone. A total of approximately 630 patients will be randomized with equal probability to the two arms.
Further Study Information
Until recently, options for second-line chemotherapy in CRPC have included docetaxel retreatment, mitoxantrone, or other chemotherapies, without proven clinical benefit. In 2010, a Phase 3 second-line chemotherapy trial (TROPIC) showed a survival advantage for cabazitaxel, a semi-synthetic taxane selected to overcome the emergence of taxane resistance, when compared to mitoxantrone.
Clusterin is a stress-activated cytoprotective chaperone up-regulated by a variety of anti-cancer therapies that confers treatment resistance when over-expressed. Inhibition of clusterin expression using custirsen has been shown to enhance tumor cell death following treatment with chemotherapy.
The clinical activity of custirsen in combination with the taxane docetaxel has been shown in two Phase 2 studies. Given the results observed using a taxane as either first-line or second-line chemotherapy in CRPC, combination with custirsen may decrease taxane resistance and enhance the survival benefit of taxane therapy. Thus, a combination of custirsen with cabazitaxel may further enhance survival in second-line taxane chemotherapy for CRPC.
- Histological or cytological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate
- Metastatic disease on chest, abdominal, or pelvic CT scan and/or bone scan
- Previous first-line treatment for CRPC with a docetaxel-containing regimen
- Current progressive disease
- Increasing serum PSA level (for patients who progress based only on increasing serum PSA level, a minimum starting value of 5.0 ng/mL is required)
- Baseline laboratory values as defined
- Willing to continue primary androgen suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues (unless treated with bilateral orchiectomy)
- Karnofsky score ≥70%
- At least 21 days have passed since completing radiotherapy
- At least 21 days have passed since receiving any investigational agent at the time of randomization
- At least 21 days have passed since major surgery
- Recovered from any docetaxel therapy-related neuropathy to ≤grade 1 at the time of randomization
- Recovered from all therapy related toxicity to ≤grade 2 (except alopecia, anemia, and any signs or symptoms of androgen deprivation therapy) at the time of randomization
- Able to tolerate a starting dose of 25 mg/m² cabazitaxel
- Willing to not add, delete, or change current bisphosphonate or denosumab usage
- Able to tolerate oral prednisone at 10 mg per day
- Competent to provide written informed consent
- Received any other cytotoxic chemotherapy beyond the first-line docetaxel-containing regimen as treatment for prostate cancer
- Received prior radioisotope with strontium 89 or samarium 153
- Received any cycling, intermittent, or continuous hormonal treatment within 21 days prior to randomization with the exception of the continuous GnRH analogues (prior treatment with abiraterone or MDV3100 is allowed as long as 21 days have passed since last dose)
- Participated in a prior Phase 3 clinical study evaluating custirsen regardless of study arm assignment
- Requiring ongoing treatment during the study with medications known to be either strong CYP3A inhibitors or strong CYP3A inducers
- History of or current documented brain metastasis or carcinomatous meningitis, treated or untreated
- Current symptomatic cord compression requiring surgery or radiation therapy
- Active second malignancy (except non melanomatous skin or superficial bladder cancer) defined in general as requiring anticancer therapy or at high risk of recurrence during the study
- Uncontrolled medical condition or significant concurrent illness that in the opinion of the Investigator would preclude protocol therapy
- Known severe hypersensitivity to taxanes or polysorbate 80-containing drugs
- Planned concomitant participation in another clinical trial of an experimental agent, vaccine, or device
Trial Contact Information
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
OncoGenex Technologies, Incorporated
- Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Limited
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT01578655
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on January 22, 2015
Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.