Sipuleucel-T With or Without Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Hormone-Resistant Metastatic Prostate Cancer

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentActive18 and overNCI, Other12367
NCI-2013-00542, NCT01807065

Trial Description


This randomized phase II trial studies how well giving sipuleucel-T with or without radiation therapy works in treating patients with hormone-resistant metastatic prostate cancer. Vaccines may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high energy x rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving sipuleucel-T vaccine is more effective with or without radiation therapy in treating prostate cancer

Further Study Information


I. To assess the feasibility, based on percent able or willing to receive all three infusions of sipuleucel-T immunotherapy, when combining sipuleucel-T with radiation therapy to a single site of metastasis delivered one week prior to beginning of sipuleucel-T therapy.


I. To assess the effect of radiation therapy to single metastasis on immune response (antibody and T-cell proliferation to prostate acid phosphate [PAP] and fusion protein PA2024) generated by sipuleucel-T immunotherapy.

II. To assess the effect of external beam radiotherapy to single metastasis on prostate specific antigen (PSA) response to therapy with sipuleucel-T.

III. To assess the effect of external beam radiotherapy to single metastasis on radiographic response rate to therapy with sipuleucel-T.

IV. To assess the time from the onset of therapy with sipuleucel-T +/- radiation to the need for subsequent therapy for prostate cancer.

V. To assess the toxicity associated with sipuleucel-T +/- radiation.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM A: Patients receive sipuleucel-T intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes days 22, 36, and 50.

ARM B: Patients undergo external beam radiation therapy in weeks 1-2. Patients also receive sipuleucel-T as in Arm A.

In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up until week 60.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically documented adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Life expectancy of >= 6 months, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Metastatic disease as evidenced by soft tissue and/or bony metastases on baseline bone scan and/or computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen or pelvis
  • Castration resistant prostatic adenocarcinoma; subjects must have current or historical evidence of disease progression despite castrated level of testosterone (< 50 ng/dL) achieved by orchiectomy or luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist or antagonist therapy; disease progression has to be demonstrated by PSA progression OR progression of measurable disease OR progression of non-measurable disease as defined below:
  • PSA: Two consecutive rising PSA values, at least 7 days apart
  • Measurable disease: >= 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameters of all measurable lesions or the development of any new lesions; the change will be measured against the best response to castration therapy or against the pre-castration measurements if there was no response
  • Non-measurable disease:
  • Soft tissue disease: The appearance of 1 or more lesions, and/or unequivocal worsening of non-measurable disease when compared to imaging studies acquired during castration therapy or against the pre-castration studies if there was no response
  • Bone disease: Appearance of 2 or more new areas of abnormal uptake on bone scan when compared to imaging studies acquired during castration therapy or against the pre-castration studies if there was no response; increased uptake of pre-existing lesions on bone scan does not constitute progression
  • White blood cell (WBC) >= 2,500 cells/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000 cells/uL
  • Platelet count >= 75,000 cells/uL
  • Hemoglobin (HgB) >= 9.0 g/dL
  • Creatinine =< 2.5 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Prior chemotherapy with 0-2 regimens is allowed
  • Prior radiation therapy to prostate or prostate bed is allowed provided it occurred > 3 months before enrollment to the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The presence of liver, or known brain metastases, malignant pleural effusions, or malignant ascites
  • Moderate or severe symptomatic metastatic disease, defined as a requirement for treatment with opioid analgesics for cancer-related pain within 21 days prior to registration
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status > 2
  • Treatment with chemotherapy within 3 months of registration
  • Treatment with any of the following medications or interventions within 28 days of registration:
  • Systematic corticosteroids; use of inhaled, intranasal, and topical steroids is acceptable
  • Any other systemic therapy for prostate cancer (except for medical castration)
  • History of external beam radiation therapy to metastatic sites within 1 year of enrollment to the study
  • Participation in any previous study involving sipuleucel-T
  • Pathologic long-bone fractures, imminent pathologic long-bone fracture (cortical erosion on radiography > 50%) or spinal cord compression
  • Concurrent other malignancy with the exception of:
  • Cutaneous squamous cell and basal carcinomas
  • Adequately treated stage 1-2 malignancy
  • Adequately treated stage 3-4 malignancy that has been in remission for >= 2 years at the time of registration
  • A requirement for systemic immunosuppressive therapy for any reason
  • Any infection requiring parenteral antibiotic therapy or causing fever (temperature > 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit [F] or 38.1 degrees Celsius [C]) within 1 week prior to registration
  • Any medical intervention or other condition which, in the opinion of the principal investigator could compromise adherence with study requirements or otherwise compromise the study's objectives

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center

  • National Cancer Institute
Przemyslaw W. Twardowski, Principal Investigator

Trial Sites



City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center

Przemyslaw W. Twardowski
Ph: 800-826-4673

Przemyslaw W. Twardowski
Principal Investigator


South Pasadena Cancer Center

Stephen Koehler, MD
Ph: 626-396-2900

Stephen Koehler, MD
Principal Investigator

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT01807065 processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to