Rituximab and Combination Chemotherapy with or without Lenalidomide in Treating Patients with Newly Diagnosed Stage II-IV Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeAgeTrial IDs
Phase IIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, Treatment18 and overE1412
NCI-2013-00959, ECOG-E1412, NCT01856192

Trial Description


This randomized phase II trial studies how well rituximab and combination chemotherapy with or without lenalidomide work in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage II-IV diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Lenalidomide may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. It is not yet known whether rituximab and combination chemotherapy are more effective when given with or without lenalidomide in treating patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

Further Study Information


I. Progression-free survival (PFS).


I. Response rate (RR).

II. Complete remission (CR) rate as defined by positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) criteria.

III. Overall survival (OS).


I. Impact of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) molecular subtype on outcome.

II. Interim PET scan results in relation to treatment outcome.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM A: Patients receive rituximab intravenously (IV), cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; prednisone orally (PO) on days 1-5; and lenalidomide PO on days 1-10. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone as in Arm A. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patient are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for up to 7 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patient must be able and willing to receive anticoagulation therapy with aspirin 70-325 mg daily prophylaxis, low molecular weight heparin, factor X inhibitors or warfarin; patients unable or unwilling to take any prophylaxis are NOT eligible

Absence of history of deep venous thrombosis/embolism, threatening thromboembolism or known thrombophilia; patients with a history of deep vein thrombosis(DVT)/pulmonary embolism (PE) or thrombophilia may participate if they are willing to be on full anticoagulation during the treatment if randomized to rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone (R2CHOP) arm A; full anticoagulation is defined as warfarin, factor X inhibitors, or low molecular weight heparin at therapeutic doses

Histologically confirmed DLBCL expressing cluster of differentiation (CD)20 antigen; patients with transform lymphoma are excluded; in this regard, patients with composite lymphoma in the diagnostic tissue (concomitant DLBCL and follicular or other low-grade lymphoma component) are excluded; however, patients with DLBCL in primary diagnostic tissue but a bone marrow that shows low grade or indeterminate lymphoma are eligible; patients with known primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL) are excluded; similarly, patients with known v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (avian) (c-myc) translocation (by fluorescence in situ hybridization) positive DLBCL are encouraged to participate in trials specifically designed for these patients; however patients with known c-myc positive are NOT excluded from this study; c-myc testing prior to study enrollment is NOT required

No known central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma or cerebrospinal fluid involvement with malignant lymphoma cells; these patients are usually treated with CNS directed therapy; screening for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/CNS involvement is NOT required but can be performed per treating medical doctor (MD) discretion; intrathecal (IT) methotrexate or IT cytarabine prophylaxis in patients with negative CSF who are felt to be at high risk of CNS relapse is allowed per local MD discretion; this should be noted on the treatment form

A tumor tissue specimen from the initial diagnostic biopsy has been located and ready to ship to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)-American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) Central Biorepository and Pathology Facility within 30 days following registration; patients must have paraffin-embedded tumor specimen available for central pathology review and defined laboratory research studies; archived formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block is required; if the block is unavailable for submission, please submit the below alternative requirements:

One (1) hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) slide, and

Twenty (20) 4 um unstained air-dried plus slides, and

One (1) or more core punches (minimum of 4 mm diameter)

Stages II bulky disease (defined as mass size of more than 10 cm), stage III, or IV (Ann Arbor staging); patients with stage I and stage II non-bulky disease are excluded from this study

Absence of history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related conditions (other than the presenting DLBCL) or post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) in immunocompromised patients; patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on antiretroviral therapy other than zidovudine (AZT) and/or stavudine and without prior AIDS defining conditions and adequate CD4 count (> 400) are eligible

Ejection fraction of >= 45% by either multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO)

ECOG performance status 0-2

Patients must have measurable disease (at least 1 lesion of >= 1.5 cm in one diameter) as detected by CT or the CT images of the PET/CT

Creatinine =< 2 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) > 30 ml/min

International Prognostic Index (IPI) of 2 or greater

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN unless evidence of the direct liver involvement by lymphoma–then =< 5 x ULN

Alkaline (Alk.) phosphatase =< 3 x ULN unless evidence of the direct liver involvement by lymphoma–-then =< 5 x ULN

Previously untreated and not receiving any other agent that would be considered as a treatment for the lymphoma

Patient must be willing to provide informed written consent and to return to enrolling institution for follow-up

Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding

Patients must not be receiving erythroid stimulating agents (erythropoietin [EPO]: Procrit, Aranesp)

Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy; all patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500

Platelets (PLT) >= 100,000

Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, the direct bilirubin must be normal

Absence of co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens, including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

No history of radiation therapy to >= 25% of the bone marrow for other diseases or history of anthracycline therapy

Absence of history of myocardial infarction =< 6 months, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias

No other active malignancy requiring therapy such as radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy; exceptions to this are as follows: localized non-melanotic skin cancer and any cancer that in the judgment of the investigator has been treated with curative intent and will not interfere with the study treatment plan and response assessment

Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10–14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations / Sponsors / Collaborators

National Cancer Institute

  • National Cancer Institute
Grzegorz S. Nowakowski, Principal Investigator

Trial Sites



Colorado Cancer Research Program CCOP

Keren Sturtz
Ph: 888-785-6789

Keren Sturtz
Principal Investigator


Illinois CancerCare-Galesburg Cottage Plaza Office

Nguyet Anh Le-Lindqwister
Ph: 800-793-2262

Nguyet Anh Le-Lindqwister
Principal Investigator

South Bend

Northern Indiana Cancer Research Consortium CCOP

Jose A. Bufill
Ph: 574-237-1328

Jose A. Bufill
Principal Investigator

Las Vegas

Nevada Cancer Research Foundation CCOP

John Allan Ellerton
Ph: 702-384-0013

John Allan Ellerton
Principal Investigator


Aurora Cancer Care-Milwaukee South

Rubina Qamar
Ph: 888-709-2080

Rubina Qamar
Principal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT01856192

Note: Information about participating sites on pharmaceutical industry trials may be incomplete. Please visit the ClinicalTrials.gov record via the link above for more information about participating sites.