Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy and/or Surgery in Treating Young Patients With Adrenocortical Tumor

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentClosedUnder 22 at diagnosisNCI, OtherARAR0332
NCI-2009-00413, CDR0000467191, COG-ARAR0332, U10CA098543, NCT00304070

Trial Description


This phase III clinical trial is studying how well cisplatin-based chemotherapy and/or surgery works in treating young patients with stage I, stage II, stage III or stage IV adrenocortical cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving it after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

Further Study Information


I. Describe the outcome of patients with stage I adrenocortical tumor (ACT) treated with surgery alone.

II. Describe the outcome of patients with stage II ACT treated with radical adrenalectomy plus regional retroperitoneal lymph node dissection.

III. Describe the outcome of patients with unresectable or metastatic ACT treated with mitotane and a cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimen.


I. Determine the feasibility and complications associated with the use of radical adrenalectomy and regional node dissection (RLND) in these patients.

II. Determine the toxicity of mitotane when administered with cisplatin, etoposide, and doxorubicin hydrochloride in patients with residual disease after surgery, inoperable tumors, or metastatic disease at diagnosis.

III. Determine, prospectively, the frequency of tumor spillage during surgery in these patients.

IV. Determine the frequency of lymph node involvement in these patients. V. Compare the incidence and type of germline p53 mutation in non-Brazilian children and children from Southern Brazil.

VI. Characterize the cooperating molecular alterations associated with ACT. VII. Determine the presence of embryonal markers in children with ACT.


STRATUM I (stage I disease): Patients undergo primary tumor resection and retroperitoneal lymph node sampling followed by observation. Patients who have undergone prior surgery without nodal sampling undergo observation only.

STRATUM II (stage II disease): Patients undergo primary tumor resection and extended regional lymph node dissection followed by observation. Patients who have undergone prior surgery with simple resection of the primary tumor undergo exploratory surgery with extended regional lymph node dissection followed by observation.

STRATUM III (stage III or IV disease):

INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy comprising oral mitotane four times daily on days 1-21; cisplatin IV over 6 hours on days 1-2; etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 1-3; and doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1 hour on days 4-5. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) once daily beginning on day 6 and continuing until blood counts recover OR pegfilgrastim SC once on day 6. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2-4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable disease or partial response proceed to surgery. Patients with a complete response proceed directly to continuation chemotherapy.

SURGERY: Patients with stage III disease undergo extended surgery and regional lymph node dissection. Patients with stage IV disease undergo primary tumor resection (if feasible) with regional lymph node dissection and resection of the metastases. Patients then proceed to continuation chemotherapy.

CONTINUATION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive additional cisplatin-based chemotherapy (as in induction chemotherapy) for 4-6 courses followed by mitotane alone for an additional 2 months. Patients with stage IV disease then proceed to additional surgery when feasible.

ADDITIONAL SURGEY: Patients with stage IV disease may undergo additional primary tumor resection with regional lymph node dissection and resection (or re-resection) of the metastases.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for at least 5 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed adrenocortical carcinoma
  • Newly diagnosed disease within the past 3 weeks
  • Any disease stage allowed
  • Lansky performance status 60-100% (for patients ≤ 16 years old)
  • Karnofsky performance status 60-100% (for patients > 16 years old)
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 750/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate ≥ 70 mL/min OR serum creatinine based on age as follows:
  • 0.4 mg/dL (1 month to < 6 months)
  • 0.5 mg/dL (6 months to < 1 year of age)
  • 0.6 mg/dL (1 to < 2 years of age
  • 0.8 mg/dL (2 to < 6 years of age)
  • 1.0 mg/dL (6 to < 10 years of age)
  • 1.2 mg/dL (10 to < 13 years of age)
  • 1.5 mg/dL (male) or 1.4 mg/dL (female) (13 to < 16 years of age)
  • 1.7 mg/dL (male) or 1.4 mg/dL (female) (≥ 16 years of age)
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST or ALT < 2.5 times ULN
  • Shortening fraction ≥ 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction ≥ 50% by radionuclide angiogram
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No previous chemotherapy for adrenocortical carcinoma

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Children's Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Principal Investigator

Trial Sites


San Antonio

University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Anne-Marie R Langevin
Ph: 210-567-0653

Link to the current record.
NLM Identifier NCT00304070 processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to