Radiation Therapy and Hormone Therapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentClosedAny ageNCI, OtherRTOG-9413
CDR0000063822, NCT00769548

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Hormone therapy combined with radiation therapy may be a more effective treatment for prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of four different combinations of radiation and hormone therapy in treating patients with prostate cancer.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES: I. Examine whether total androgen suppression (TAS) with flutamide/goserelin and whole-pelvic irradiation followed by a cone-down boost to the prostate improves progression-free survival at 5 years by at least 10% compared to TAS and prostate-only irradiation in patients with adenocarcinoma of the prostate at significant risk of nodal involvement. II. Examine whether induction and concurrent (neoadjuvant) TAS and radiotherapy improves the progression-free survival at 5 years by at least 10% compared to adjuvant TAS and radiotherapy. III. Compare treatments with regard to local control, time to distant failure, and overall survival.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Arm I: Neoadjuvant Antiandrogen Therapy with Radiotherapy. Flutamide, FLUT, NSC-147834; Goserelin, Zoladex, ZDX, NSC-606864; with irradiation of the whole pelvis followed by a boost to the prostate using photons of at least 6 MV. Arm II: Neoadjuvant Antiandrogen Therapy with Radiotherapy; FLUT; ZDX; with irradiation of the prostate using equipment as in Arm I. Arm III: Radiotherapy followed by Adjuvant Antiandrogen Therapy. Irradiation as in Arm I; followed by FLUT; ZDX. Arm IV: Radiotherapy followed by Adjuvant Antiandrogen Therapy. Irradiation as in Arm II; followed by FLUT; ZDX.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 1,200 patients will be accrued over 2.5 years.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate Any stage with an estimated risk of node involvement at least 15% (and therefore at significant risk for local and/or systemic failure) based on pretreatment PSA and Gleason score (GS), e.g.: GS of 7 and PSA greater than 7.5 ng/mL GS of 6 and PSA greater than 22.5 ng/mL GS of 5 and PSA greater than 37.5 ng/mL PSA greater than 4 and less than 100 ng/mL Highest pretreatment value determined by a monoclonal assay that has a normal range of 0-4 ng/mL PSA measured by polyclonal assay (e.g., Yang) that has a normal range of 0-2.5 ng/mL may need to be divided by a conversion factor of approximately 1.5 GS determination required prior to entry No distant metastases No biopsy proven lymph node involvement Ineligible for protocol RTOG-9408 (clinical stages T2c-T4 with GS of 6 or higher are eligible for this study)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Liver function tests no greater than 1.2 times normal Renal: Not specified Other: No major medical or psychiatric illness that would prevent completion of treatment or interfere with follow-up No second malignancy within 5 years except superficial nonmelanomatous skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 90 days since testosterone At least 60 days since finasteride Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: No more than 60 days since surgical staging No radical surgery or cryosurgery

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
Mack Roach, Study Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT00769548
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.