Hormone Therapy in Treating Men With Stage IV Prostate Cancer

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentActiveAdultNCI, OtherCDR0000064184
SWOG-9346, CAN-NCIC-PR8, CALGB-9594, ECOG-S9346, EORTC-30985, CAN-NCIC-JPR8, INT-0162, PR8, NCT00002651

Trial Description


RATIONALE: Testosterone can stimulate the growth of prostate cancer cells. Hormone therapy may be effective treatment for prostate cancer. It is not yet known which regimen of hormone therapy is most effective for stage IV prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying two different regimens of hormone therapy and comparing how well they work in treating men with stage IV prostate cancer.

Further Study Information



  • Compare the survival of patients with metastatic stage IV prostate cancer responsive to combined androgen-deprivation therapy (CAD) treated with intermittent vs continuous CAD.
  • Compare the effects of these treatment regimens on impotence, libido, and vitality/fatigue as well as the physical and emotional well-being of these patients.


  • Compare general symptoms, role functioning, global perception of quality of life, and social functioning of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Assess prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after continuous CAD administered before randomization and evaluate PSA changes throughout randomized treatment of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to SWOG performance status (0-1 vs 2), severity of disease (minimal vs extensive), and prior hormonal therapy (neoadjuvant hormonal therapy vs finasteride vs neither).

  • Induction therapy: Patients receive combined androgen-deprivation (CAD) therapy comprising goserelin subcutaneously once a month and oral bicalutamide once daily for 8 courses (7 months).
  • Consolidation therapy: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 consolidation regimens.
  • Arm I (continuous CAD therapy): Patients continue CAD therapy as in induction therapy. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression.
  • Arm II (intermittent CAD therapy): Patients undergo observation in the absence of rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) or clinical symptoms of progressive disease. Patients with rising PSA or progressive disease begin CAD therapy as in induction therapy. Patients whose PSA normalizes after 8 courses return to observation. Patients whose PSA does not normalize after 8 courses continue CAD therapy.

Quality of life is assessed before induction therapy, at 3 months (before consolidation therapy), and then at 9 and 15 months.

Patients are followed every 6-12 months for at least 10 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 1,500 patients will be accrued for this study.

Eligibility Criteria


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Metastatic stage IV (stage D2)
  • Any number of bone metastases by bone scan allowed
  • Unequivocal visceral organ metastases (liver, brain, or lung) allowed
  • No suspected second primary tumors unless metastases are histologically confirmed, including special stains (e.g., prostate specific antigen [PSA] and prostatic alkaline phosphatase [PAP])
  • For entry into late induction therapy:
  • No more than 1 month from the beginning of antiandrogen therapy to the beginning of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist therapy
  • No more than 6 months since initiation of current combined androgen-deprivation therapy (LHRH agonist and antiandrogen)
  • The effectiveness of the current depot LHRH agonist would not extend beyond 8 months after initiation of combined androgen therapy
  • PSA at least 5 ng/mL
  • No acute spinal cord compression



  • Adult

Performance status:

  • SWOG 0-2


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Recovered from any major infection
  • No active medical illness that would preclude study or limit survival
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except:
  • Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
  • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the bladder
  • Adequately treated other superficial cancer


Biologic therapy:

  • No concurrent biological response modifier therapy


  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 1 year since any prior neoadjuvant or adjuvant hormonal therapy for a duration of no more than 4 months
  • Single or combination therapy allowed
  • More than 1 year since prior finasteride for prostate cancer for a duration of no more than 9 months (less than 6 months for benign prostatic hypertrophy)
  • Prior or concurrent megestrol for hot flashes allowed
  • No other concurrent hormonal therapy


  • No concurrent radiotherapy other than palliation of painful bone metastases


  • No prior bilateral orchiectomy
  • Recovered from any prior major surgery

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Southwest Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
  • NCIC-Clinical Trials Group
  • Cancer and Leukemia Group B
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  • European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer
Maha Hadi A. Hussain, Study Chair
Bryan J. Donnelly, Study Chair
Eric J. Small, Study Chair
George Wilding, Study Chair
Atif Akdas

Trial Sites


San Antonio

Southwest Oncology Group

Maha Hadi A. Hussain
Ph: 734-936-8906
Email: mahahuss@med.umich.edu



Cancer Centre of Southeastern Ontario at Kingston General Hospital

Aamer Mahmud
Ph: 613-544-2631

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT00002651
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on May 27, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.