Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation, Radiation Therapy, and/or Surgery in Treating Patients With Ewing's Sarcoma

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentActiveUnder 50NCI, OtherCDR0000068608
EURO-EWING-INTERGROUP-EE99, EBMT-INTERGROUP-EE99, EORTC-62981, GPOH-AUSTRIA-INTERGROUP-EE99, GPOH-GERMANY-INTERGROUP-EE99, SFOP-INTERGROUP-EE99, SWS-SAKK-INTERGROUP-EE99, CCLG-INTERGROUP-EE99, COG-AEWS0331, EU-20213, AEWS0331, NCT00020566

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy and kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known if combination chemotherapy is more effective with or without radiation therapy and/or surgery in treating Ewing's sarcoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying different combination chemotherapy regimens to see how well they work when given with or without peripheral stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy, and/or surgery in treating patients with Ewing's sarcoma.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare the event-free and overall survival of patients with tumor of the Ewing's family treated with standard induction chemotherapy comprising vincristine, dactinomycin, ifosfamide and etoposide (VIDE) followed by consolidation chemotherapy comprising vincristine, dactinomycin, and ifosfamide versus high-dose busulfan and melphalan (Bu-Mel) followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation with or without radiotherapy and/or surgery.

Secondary

  • Determine the prognostic significance of EWS-Flil transcript in these patients.
  • Determine the frequency and prognostic value of minimal disease in bone marrow and PBSC, as determined by the presence or absence of EWS-Flil transcript, in these patients.
  • Determine the feasibility and toxicity of VIDE induction chemotherapy in these patients.
  • Determine the response of these patients to VIDE induction chemotherapy.
  • Determine the feasibility and toxicity of VAI consolodation chemotherapy in these patients.
  • Determine the feasibility and toxicity of Bu-Mel consolodation chemotherapy in these patients.
  • Determine event-free survival and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens by prognostic group analysis.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age and local treatment of the primary tumor (yes vs no).

Patients receive induction chemotherapy comprising vincristine IV on day 1 and ifosfamide IV over 3 hours, doxorubicin IV over 4 hours, and etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 1-3 (VIDE). Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are collected after course 3 and/or 4. Patients are evaluated after course 4. Patients in need of early radiotherapy due to an axial tumor or patients who require radiotherapy to the brain and/or spinal cord (at any time during study) are assigned to group 1. Patients not needing early radiotherapy are assigned to group 2.

  • Group 1: Patients receive 2 additional courses of VIDE induction chemotherapy (courses 5 and 6). Patients requiring radiotherapy to the axial tumor also undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week. Some patients may then undergo surgical resection of the tumor. All patients will then receive vincristine IV on day 1 and dactinomycin IV and ifosfamide IV over 3 hours on days 1 and 2 (VAI). Treatment repeats every 21 days for 8 courses (courses 7-14). Patients requiring radiotherapy to the brain and/or spinal cord also undergo concurrent radiotherapy.
  • Group 2: Patients undergo 2 additional courses of VIDE induction chemotherapy (courses 5 and 6). Some patients may then undergo surgical resection of the tumor. All patients receive VAI chemotherapy as in group 1 for 1 course. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 consolidation therapy arms.
  • Arm I: Patients receive 7 additional courses of VAI chemotherapy (courses 8-14). Patients with unresectable, partially resected, or inadequately resected disease undergo concurrent whole-lung radiotherapy for 6-12 days.
  • Arm II: Patients receive high-dose chemotherapy comprising oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -6 to -3 and melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2. Patients receive autologous PBSC IV on day 0. Patients with unresectable, partially resected, or inadequately resected disease undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week for at least 5 weeks.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 4 years, every 6 months for 1 year, and then periodically thereafter.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 1,200 patients will be accrued for this study within approximately 7 years.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed tumor of the Ewing's family of bone or soft tissue
  • Ewing's sarcoma
  • Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor
  • Disease meeting one of the following criteria:
  • Resectable localized disease (tumor volume less than 200 mL)
  • Localized disease previously resected at diagnosis
  • Unresectable disease (at least 200 mL tumor volume) but radiotherapy as local control can be delayed
  • Localized disease with early radiotherapy required
  • Pulmonary and/or pleural metastases only
  • Extrapulmonary/pleural metastases (skeleton, bone marrow, lymph nodes)
  • No more than 45 days since definitive biopsy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • Under 50

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Renal function normal
  • Glomerular filtration rate at least 60 mL/min

Cardiovascular:

  • Normal cardiac function
  • Fractional shortening at least 29%
  • Ejection fraction at least 40%

Other:

  • No medical, psychiatric, or social condition that would preclude study participation

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • Not specified

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust

  • National Cancer Institute
  • Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group
  • Societe Francaise Oncologie Pediatrique
  • European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer
  • Gesellschaft fuer Paediatrische Onkologie und Haematologie - Germany
  • Gesellschaft fur Padiatrische Onkologie und Hamatologie - Austria
  • Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
  • EBMT Solid Tumors Working Party
  • Children's Oncology Group
Alan W. Craft, Study Chair
Ian J. Lewis, Study Chair
Odile Oberlin, MD, Study Chair
Ian Robert Judson
Heribert F. Juergens, MD, Study Chair
Helmut Gadner, Study Chair
G. Ulrich Exner, Study Chair
Ruth Ladenstein, Study Chair
Douglas Hawkins, Study Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT00020566
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on April 09, 2015

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.