Combination Chemotherapy with or without Rituximab in Treating Younger Patients with Stage III-IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma or B-Cell Acute Leukemia

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Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeAgeTrial IDs
Phase III, Phase IIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, Treatment18 and underANHL1131
NCI-2012-01963, 2010-019224-31, CDR0000732604, IGR2009/1593, COG-ANHL1131, NCT01595048

Trial Description

Summary

TRIAL STATUS: Temporarily closed

This randomized phase II/III trial studies how well combination chemotherapy with or without rituximab works in treating younger patients with stage III-IV non-Hodgkin lymphoma or B-cell acute leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Monoclonal antibody, such as rituximab, may block cancer growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy together with rituximab is more effective in treating patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma or B-cell acute leukemia.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. For the patients with advanced stage B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)/Burkitt acute leukemia (B-AL) (stage III and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > twice the institutional upper limit of the adult normal values (Nx2), any stage IV or B-AL), to test whether adding 6 injections of rituximab to standard Lymphome Malin B (LMB) chemotherapy regimen, improves the event-free survival (EFS) compared with LMB chemotherapy alone. (Phase III)

II. For patients with primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBL), to evaluate the EFS following treatment with the regimen dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine sulfate, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride (DA-EPOCH)-rituximab. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To study the complete remission (CR) rate and the overall survival (OS).

II. To evaluate safety on all study arms including toxic deaths, adverse events recorded using the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Common Terminology Criteria (CTC) version (V)4 (non hematological toxicity grade >= 3, infections grade 3 to 5), cardiac toxicity (CTC grade 2-5 and evolution of left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular shortening fraction), number of days with platelets transfusion, intensive care unit admission and number of days with red cells transfusion, rituximab infusion reactions.

III. To study the rate of patients with immunoglobulin (Ig) (G, A, and M) levels abnormally low and lymphocyte count abnormally low at 1 year and until 5-year follow-up, and to study the need for immunoglobulin infusions, and levels of post (previous and re-) vaccination antibodies at 1 year.

IV. To study long term (at least 5 years) risks of the use of rituximab plus chemotherapy compared with LMB chemotherapy alone in children and adolescents with advanced stage B-NHL/B-AL (all events related [certain and probable] to therapy). (Phase III)

V. To study the long term risk of DA-EPOCH-R regimen, especially the cardiac risk related to doxorubicin given at higher dose than usual in children, but infused over 96 hours (i.e., evaluation of CTC grade 2-5 and evolution of left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular shortening fraction). (Phase II)

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To obtain data on positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) scan in childhood pediatric B-cell NHL. (Exploratory)

II. To evaluate the potential prognostic value of Minimal Disseminated Disease (MDD) and Minimal Residual disease (MRD) in correlation with outcome. (Exploratory - Phase III)

III. To perform an economic study comparing the cost-effectiveness ratio between 2 therapeutic strategies: LMB chemotherapy with versus LMB chemotherapy without rituximab. (Exploratory - Phase III)

IV. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of rituximab in combination with LMB chemotherapy in a subset of patients. (Exploratory - Phase III)

OUTLINE:

Phase II (patients with PMLBL): Patients receive rituximab intravenously (IV) on day 1; prednisone orally (PO) twice daily (BID) or IV on day on days 1-5; etoposide IV continuously on days 1-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV continuously on days 1-4; vincristine sulfate IV continuously on days 1-4; and cyclophosphamide IV on day 5. Patients also receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) once daily (QD) beginning on day 6 until blood count recovers. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Phase III:

Group I (pre-phase central nervous system [CNS]-negative, cerebral spinal fluid [CSF]-negative): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on day 1; prednisone PO BID or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-7; methotrexate intrathecally (IT) and hydrocortisone IT on day 1. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I (R-COPADM induction therapy): Beginning 8 days later, patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; prednisone PO BID or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-5; methotrexate IV over 3 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride over 1 hour on day 2; and methotrexate IT and hydrocortisone IT on days 2 and 6. Treatment repeats every 18-21 days for 2 courses. Consolidation therapy (R-COPADM): Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; methotrexate IV over 3 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cytarabine IV continuously on days 2-6; methotrexate IT on day 2; hydrocortisone IT on days 2 and 7; and cytarabine IT on day 7. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

Arm II (COPADM induction therapy): Beginning 8 days later, patients receive vincristine sulfate, prednisone or methylprednisolone, methotrexate, leucovorin calcium, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, methotrexate IT, and hydrocortisone IT as in arm I. Treatment repeats every 18-21 days for 2 courses.

Consolidation therapy (COPADM): Patients receive methotrexate IV over 3 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cytarabine IV over 12 hours on days 2-6; methotrexate IT on day 2; hydrocortisone IT on days 2 and 7; and cytarabine IT on day 7. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

Group II (pre-phase B-AL, CNS-negative OR CNS-positive, CSF-negative OR CSF-positive): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on day 1; prednisone PO BID or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-7; methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on days 1, 3, and 5; and leucovorin calcium PO BID on days 2 and 4. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm III (R-COPADM induction therapy): Patients receive rituximab IV on days -2 (course 1) and 1; vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; prednisone PO or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-5; high-dose methotrexate IV over 4 hours* on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV on day 2; and methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on days 2, 4, and 6. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

NOTE: *During the second course, patients with CSF-positive disease receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours (instead of 4 hours).

Consolidation therapy (R-COPADM): Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; hydrocortisone IT and methotrexate IT on day 1; cytarabine IV over 12 hours on days 1-5; high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours on day 2-5; and etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 2-5. If CSF-positive, patients receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 18, methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on day 19, and leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 19-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

Maintenance therapy (R-COPADM): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; prednisone PO or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-5; high-dose methotrexate IV over 4 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on days 2-3; doxorubicin hydrochloride over 1 hour on day 2; and methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on day 2. Beginning 28 days later, patients receive cytarabine subcutaneously (SC) every 12 hours on days 1-5 and etoposide IV over 90 minutes on days 1-3.

Arm IV (COPADM induction therapy): Patients receive vincristine sulfate, prednisone or methylprednisolone, high-dose methotrexate*, leucovorin calcium, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and methotrexate, hydrocortisone, and cytarabine IT as in arm III. NOTE: *Patients with CSF-positive disease receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours (instead of 4 hours).

Consolidation therapy (COPADM): Patients receive hydrocortisone and methotrexate IT, cytarabine, high-dose cytarabine, and etoposide as in arm III consolidation therapy.

Maintenance therapy (COPADM): Patients receive vincristine sulfate, prednisone or methylprednisolone, high-dose methotrexate*, leucovorin calcium, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, cytarabine IT, cytarabine SC, and etoposide as in arm III maintenance therapy.

NOTE: *Patients with CSF-positive disease receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 5 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically or cytologically proven B-cell malignancies; either Burkitt leukemia or B-AL (= Burkitt leukemia = L3-AL), or diffuse large B-cell NHL, or aggressive mature B-cell NHL non otherwise specified or specifiable (phase III)

Stage III with elevated LDH level (B-high) (LDH > twice the institutional upper limit of the adult normal values [> Nx2]), any stage IV, or B-AL (phase III)

Histolo-cytologically proven PMLBL (phase II)

PMLBL without central nervous system (CNS) involvement

Slides will be reviewed by the national pathology panel, but review is not mandatory before registration

Males and females of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective contraceptive method during the treatment, and after the end of treatment: during twelve months for women, taking into account the characteristics of rituximab and during five months for men, taking into account the characteristics of methotrexate

Complete initial work-up within 8 days prior to treatment that allows definite staging

Able to comply with scheduled follow-up and with management of toxicity

Signed informed consent from patients and/or their parents or legal guardians

Exclusion Criteria:

Follicular lymphoma, Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT) and nodular marginal zone are not included into this therapeutic study

In phase II study (PMLBL) patients with CNS involvement are not eligible

Patients with congenital immunodeficiency, chromosomal breakage syndrome, prior organ transplantation, previous malignancy of any type, or known positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serology

Evidence of pregnancy or lactation period

There will be no exclusion criteria based on organ function

Past or current anti-cancer treatment except corticosteroids of less than 7 days duration in total

Tumor cell negative for cluster of differentiation (CD)20 (absence of result due to technical problems in the presence of other characteristics suggestive of BL/DLBCL, including genetic and phenotypic features, is not an exclusion criteria)

Prior exposure to rituximab

Severe active viral infection, especially hepatitis B; severe infection (such as sepsis, pneumonia, etc.) should be clinically controlled at the time of randomization; contact the national co-investigator for further advice if necessary

Hepatitis B carrier status history of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or positive serology; a patient is considered as HBV carrier or to have (had) HBV infection in case of:

Unimmunized and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and/or anti-HBs antibody and/or anti- HBc antibody positive,

Immunized and HBsAG and/or anti-HBc antibody positive

  • Important note: for the phase III trial, a patient without a known history of hepatitis B could be randomized in the study if the serology results are not available at the time of the randomization; however, if the serology results are positive or not available at day 6 (the first day would be due to receive rituximab, if so randomized), the patient must be withdrawn from the study whatever the allocated treatment arm; the data center must be informed immediately; for the phase II trial, the hepatitis B serology results must be available before registration; in each case indicating a carrier status or history for hepatitis B infection, the patients must not receive rituximab, and therefore must not be included in the rituximab trials on any treatment arm; in case of high-risk patients, the recommendation is to treat these patients with the standard LMB regimen corresponding to the patient prognostic group; in the case of PMLBL the physician is left to choose the most appropriate therapy

Participation in another investigational drug clinical trial

Patients who, for any reason, are not able to comply with the national legislation

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations / Sponsors / Collaborators

Children's Oncology Group

  • National Cancer Institute
Thomas Gene Gross, Principal Investigator

Trial Sites

U.S.A.

Hawaii
Honolulu

University of Hawaii Cancer Center

Robert W. Wilkinson
Ph: 808-983-6090

Robert W. Wilkinson
Principal Investigator

Nevada
Las Vegas

Nevada Cancer Research Foundation CCOP

Nik Farahana Nik Abdul Rashid
Ph: 702-384-0013

Nik Farahana Nik Abdul Rashid
Principal Investigator

New Mexico
Albuquerque

University of New Mexico Cancer Center

Thomas Gene Gross
Ph: 614-722-3515
Email: Thomas.Gross@nationwidechildrens.org

Thomas Gene Gross
Principal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifier NCT01595048

Note: Information about participating sites on pharmaceutical industry trials may be incomplete. Please visit the ClinicalTrials.gov record via the link above for more information about participating sites.