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Fact Sheets: Prevention

  • Antioxidants and Cancer Prevention
    (Reviewed: 01/16/2014) - A fact sheet about antioxidants, substances that may protect cells from the damage caused by unstable molecules known as free radicals. Free radical damage may lead to cancer.
  • Calcium and Cancer Prevention: Strengths and Limits of the Evidence
    (Reviewed: 05/04/2009) - A fact sheet that summarizes the results of studies on calcium and cancer prevention. It includes information about dietary recommendations for calcium, and the amount of calcium in foods and supplements.
  • Cancer Vaccines
    (Reviewed: 11/15/2011) - A fact sheet that discusses cancer vaccines. Explains how they work, how they are made, and describes research related to their use.
  • Cruciferous Vegetables and Cancer Prevention
    (Reviewed: 06/07/2012) - A fact sheet that summarizes the results of studies about cruciferous vegetables and cancer. It includes a list of cruciferous vegetables and outlines dietary recommendations for vegetables.
  • Garlic and Cancer Prevention
    (Reviewed: 01/22/2008) - A fact sheet that summarizes the results of studies on the consumption of garlic for cancer prevention.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines
    (Reviewed: 12/29/2011) - A fact sheet about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines for the prevention of infection with certain types of HPV, which is the major cause of cervical cancer.
  • Pap and HPV Testing
    (Reviewed: 09/09/2014) - A fact sheet that describes cervical cancer screening, which includes the Pap test and HPV testing. The fact sheet includes information about cervical cancer screening guidelines.
  • Physical Activity and Cancer
    (Reviewed: 07/22/2009) - A fact sheet about research on the role of physical activity in reducing cancer risk.
  • Statins and Cancer Prevention: Fact Sheet
    (Posted: 06/02/2005) - A fact sheet about results from animal research and ongoing observational studies of people taking statins that suggest that these drugs may lower the risk of certain cancers, including colorectal and skin cancers.
  • Surgery to Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer
    (Reviewed: 08/12/2013) - A fact sheet that describes mastectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy, two prophylactic surgeries that may be performed to reduce the risk of breast cancer in women at very high risk; the situations in which they may be considered; and nonsurgical options.
  • Tea and Cancer Prevention: Strengths and Limits of the Evidence
    (Reviewed: 11/17/2010) - A fact sheet that summarizes the results of studies about tea and cancer prevention. It includes information about the ingredients of tea and safety considerations regarding tea consumption.
  • Vitamin D and Cancer Prevention
    (Reviewed: 10/21/2013) - A fact sheet that summarizes the results of studies on vitamin D and cancer prevention. It includes information about dietary recommendations for vitamin D.