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Cervical Cancer

Definition of cervical cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the cervix (the organ connecting the uterus and vagina). It is usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms but can be found with regular Pap tests (a procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope). Cervical cancer is almost always caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. 

Estimated new cases and deaths from cervical (uterine cervix) cancer in the United States in 2014:

  • New cases: 12,360
  • Deaths: 4,020

See the online booklet What You Need To Know About™ Cancer of the Cervix to learn about cervical cancer symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and questions to ask the doctor.

For an overview of research advances, see Cancer Advances In Focus: Cervical Cancer.

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