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Esophageal Cancer

Definition of esophageal cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues lining the esophagus (the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach). Two types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in flat cells lining the esophagus) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). 

Estimated new cases and deaths from esophageal cancer in the United States in 2014:

  • New cases: 18,170
  • Deaths: 15,450

See the  booklet What You Need To Know About™ Cancer of the Esophagus to learn about types of esophageal cancer, staging, treatment, and questions to ask the doctor.

Treatment

Information about treatment, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and vaccine therapy

Prevention, Genetics, Causes

Information related to prevention, genetics, and risk factors

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Information about methods of cancer detection including new imaging technologies, tumor markers, and biopsy procedures

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Research and Related Information

Includes NCI-supported research, funding opportunities, and special reports

Statistics

Information related to cancer incidence, mortality, and survival