|ALTTO (Adjuvant Lapatinib And/Or Trastuzumab Treatment Optimisation) Study; BIG 2-06/N063D
This is a randomised, open label multi-centre phase III study comparing the activity of lapatinib alone versus trastuzumab alone versus trastuzumab followed by lapatinib versus lapatinib concomitantly with trastuzumab in the adjuvant treatment of patients with ErbB2 overexpressing and/or amplified breast cancer. Patients will be enrolled according to one of two design schemas, with Design 2 having two chemotherapy options (Design 2 and 2B), and will be randomised to one of four treatment regimens within each design schema.
The primary objective of this study is to compare disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with HER2 overexpressing and/or amplified breast cancer randomised to trastuzumab for one year versus lapatinib for one year versus trastuzumab (12 or 18 weeks, according to assigned design) followed by a six-week treatment-free interval followed by lapatinib (28 or 34 weeks, according to assigned design) versus trastuzumab in combination with lapatinib for one year (52 weeks). Secondary objectives include treatment comparisons with respect to overall survival, time to recurrence, time to distant recurrence, safety and tolerability, incidence of brain metastasis, and analyses conducted separately for cohorts of patients defined by presence or absence of cMyc oncogene amplification, expression level of PTEN and presence or absence of the p95HER2 receptor. On August 18, 2011, the ALTTO Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC) met to review the first planned interim analysis. The IDMC reported that the comparison of lapatinib alone versus trastuzumab alone crossed the futility boundary, indicating that the lapatinib alone arm was unlikely to meet the pre-specified criteria to demonstrate non-inferiority to trastuzumab alone with respect to disease-free survival (DFS). The IDMC also stated that the other three arms (trastuzumab alone, sequential trastuzumab/lapatinib arm and the combination arm) should continue as planned with no changes.
1. Histologically confirmed
2. Adequately excised (exceptions: patients who have 'non-resectable' deep margin invasion are eligible provided they have had or will receive radiotherapy encompassing the region concerned; patients with histologically documented infiltration of the skin (pT4) are eligible provided they have undergone or will receive radiotherapy encompassing the tumour bed);
3. Axilla dissected; sentinel node sampling is allowed provided that axillary dissection follows confirmation of a positive sentinel node; sentinel node sampling alone is NOT acceptable after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy lymph node status will be considered unknown, regardless of the results of post-chemotherapy axillary dissection);
4. Axillary node positive patient OR node negative patient with a tumour greater than or equal to 1.0 cm in greatest diameter. For clarification, isolated tumour cells (ITC) are considered pN0 and micrometastases are considered pN1
For Design 1: Randomization must be performed no longer than 12 weeks from day 1 of the last chemotherapy cycle after obtaining a post-chemotherapy LVEF ≥ 50. Study treatment must start no more than 14 days after randomization For Design 2: Randomization must be performed no longer than 6 weeks from day 1 of the last anthracycline-containing chemotherapy cycle after obtaining a post-anthracycline chemotherapy LVEF ≥ 50. Study treatment must start no more than 14 days after randomization and must be concurrent with taxanes.
For Design 2B: Randomisation must be performed no longer than 8 weeks from definitive surgery. Non-anthracycline platinum containing regimen (docetaxel and carboplatin) and study treatment must start concomitantly and no more than 14 days after randomisation.
Equivocal local results may be submitted for a final determination by the central laboratory.
NOTE: Patients with a prior malignancy diagnosed greater than 10 years in the past who have been curatively treated with surgery ONLY, WITHOUT radiation therapy or systemic therapy (chemotherapy or endocrine) are eligible for the study. Patients with any prior diagnosis of breast cancer or melanoma, at any time, are excluded from this study.
NOTE: multifocal/multicentric tumours are permitted:
History of documented congestive heart failure (CHF) or systolic dysfunction (LVEF <50%); High-risk uncontrolled arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia, high-grade AV-block, supraventricular arrhythmias which are not adequately rate-controlled); Angina pectoris requiring antianginal medication; Clinically significant valvular heart disease; Evidence of transmural infarction on ECG; Poorly controlled hypertension (e.g. systolic >180mm Hg or diastolic >100mm Hg);
serum total bilirubin >1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), in the case of known Gilbert's syndrome, a higher serum total bilirubin (<2 X ULN) is allowed; alanine amino transferase (ALAT) or aspartate amino transferase (ASAT) >2.5 x ULN; alkaline phosphatase (ALP) > 2.5 x ULN; serum creatinine >2.0 x ULN; total white blood cell count (WBC) <2.5 x 10^9/L; absolute neutrophil count <1.5 x 10^9/L; platelets <100 x 10^9/L.
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
GlaxoSmithklineNorth Central Cancer Treatment Group
National Cancer Institute
Breast International Group
NCIC-Clinical Trials Group
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.