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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Paclitaxel and Cisplatin or Topotecan With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Stage IVB, Recurrent, or Persistent Cervical Cancer

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIITreatmentClosed18 and overNCINCI-2009-01084
CDR0000628746, GOG-0240, U10CA027469, NCT00803062

Trial Description

Summary

This randomized phase III trial is studying the side effects of paclitaxel when given together with cisplatin or topotecan with or without bevacizumab and to compare how well they work in treating patients with stage IVB, recurrent, or persistent cervical cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, cisplatin, and topotecan, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether paclitaxel is more effective when given together with cisplatin or topotecan with or without bevacizumab in treating patients with cervical cancer.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy improves overall survival. Also to determine if a regimen involving paclitaxel and topotecan improves overall survival in comparison to a regimen involving cisplatin and paclitaxel. These regimens are to be evaluated in patients with stage IVB, recurrent, or persistent carcinoma of the cervix.

II. To determine and compare the frequency and severity of adverse events as assessed by CTCAE version 3.0 for the regimens administered on this study.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate and compare the progression-free survival of patients treated by the regimens investigated on this study.

II. To estimate and compare the proportion of patients with tumor responses by the regimens investigated on this study.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy, or the substitution of cisplatin with topotecan improve the health related quality of life (QOL) as measured by the FACT-Cx TOI and produce favorable toxicity profiles (with a particular focus on peripheral neuropathy as measured by the FACT/GOG-Ntx4 subscale and pain as measured by BPI single item).

II. To evaluate the impact of age, race, performance status, stage, histology, grade, disease site, prior chemotherapy with primary radiation, and time to recurrence on response rate, progression-free survival and overall survival of patients with metastatic/recurrent/persistent carcinoma of the cervix.

III. To determine the prevalence of active smoking in this cohort of recurrent cervical cancer patients.

IV. To estimate the extent of tobacco/nicotine dependence in the cohort. V. To determine if smoking is an independent risk factor for progression-free survival and overall survival in this population.

VI. To isolate, enumerate and characterize circulating tumor cells (CTC) recovered from blood drawn pre-cycle 1, pre-cycle 2 and pre-cycle 3 using the CTC-chip developed by the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) BioMEMS Resource Center and the MGH Cancer Center.

VII. To determine the association between CTC counts or characteristics and measures of clinical outcome.

VIII. To examine the association between angiogenesis markers in plasma (recovered from blood drawn pre-cycle 1, pre-cycle 2 and pre-cycle 3) and measures of clinical outcome.

IX. To evaluate the association between tumor markers of angiogenesis and hypoxia (using archival formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tumor tissue) and measures of clinical outcome.

X. To evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (using DNA extracted from whole blood) and measures of clinical outcome as well as measures of quality of life such as chemotherapy toxicity.

XI. To examine the relationship(s) among the various biomarkers. XII. To develop an optimal prognostic model for progression-free survival and overall survival using clinical covariates, smoking status and the various biomarkers.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease status (recurrent/persistent disease vs primary stage IVB disease), GOG performance status (0 vs 1), and prior platinum therapy as a radiosensitizer (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours or 24 hours on day 1 and cisplatin IV on day 1 or 2.

ARM II: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours or 24 hours on day 1 and cisplatin IV and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 or 2.

ARM III: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 1 and topotecan hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1-3.

ARM IV: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and topotecan hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1-3.

In all arms, courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients complete quality-of-life questionnaires, including the FACT-Cx TOI, FACT/GOG-Ntx4, and Brief Pain Inventory, at baseline, before courses 2 and 5, and at 6 and 9 months after course 1. Patients also complete a smoking questionnaire at baseline. After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have primary stage IVB, recurrent or persistent squamous cell carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, or adenocarcinoma of the cervix which is not amenable to curative treatment with surgery and/or radiation therapy
  • All patients must have measurable disease; measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest dimension to be recorded); each lesion must be >= 20 mm when measured by conventional techniques, including palpation, plain x-ray, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or >= 10 mm when measured by spiral CT; biopsy confirmation is required if the lesion(s) measures < 30 mm or if the treating physician determines it is clinically indicated; patients must have at least one "target lesion" to be used to assess response on this protocol as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST); this lesion should be the one that was biopsied if one was performed; tumors within a previously irradiated field will be designated as "non-target" lesions unless progression is documented or a biopsy is obtained to confirm persistence at least 90 days following completion of radiation therapy
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mcl
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcl
  • Serum creatinine =< upper limit of normal (ULN) (Common Toxicity Criteria [CTC] grade 0) or calculated creatinine clearance (Jeliffe formula) >= 60 ml/min
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional normal
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) =< 2.5 x institutional normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x institutional normal
  • Prothrombin time (PT) such that international normalized ratio (INR) is =< 1.5 (or an in-range international normalized ratio [INR], usually between 2 and 3, if a patient is on a stable dose of therapeutic warfarin for management of venous thrombosis including pulmonary thrombo-embolus)
  • Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) < 1.2 times the upper limit of normal
  • Urine protein-creatinine ratio (UPC ratio) < 1.0
  • Patients must have a GOG performance status of 0 or 1
  • Patients must have recovered from the effects of surgery, radiation therapy, or chemoradiotherapy; at least six weeks must have elapsed from the last administration of chemoradiotherapy, and at least three weeks must have elapsed from the last administration of radiation therapy alone; at least six weeks must have elapsed from the time of any major surgical procedure prior to randomization
  • Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and authorization permitting release of personal health information
  • Patients must meet all of the pre-entry requirements, including baseline QOL questionnaire
  • Patients must be free of active infection requiring antibiotics

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with bilateral hydronephrosis which cannot be alleviated by ureteral stents or percutaneous drainage
  • Patients previously treated with chemotherapy except when used concurrently with radiation therapy
  • Patients who have received concurrent paclitaxel and/or concurrent topotecan with radiation therapy are ineligible
  • Patients with craniospinal metastases
  • Patients with a concomitant malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer
  • Patients with a prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanoma skin cancer) who have had any evidence of disease within the last 5 years or whose prior malignancy treatment contraindicates the current protocol therapy
  • Patients with serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture; this includes history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess for which an interval of 3 to 6 months must pass before study entry; in addition, the patient must have undergone correction (or spontaneous healing) of the perforation/fistula and/or the underlying process causing the fistula/perforation; patients with granulating incisions healing by secondary intention with no evidence of fascial dehiscence or infection are eligible but require weekly wound examinations
  • Patients with active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry high risk of bleeding, such as known bleeding disorder, coagulopathy, or tumor involving major vessels
  • Patients with history or evidence upon physical examination of central nervous system (CNS) disease, including primary brain tumor, seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy, any brain metastases, or history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke), transient ischemic attack (TIA) or subarachnoid hemorrhage within six months of the first date of treatment on this study
  • Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease; this includes:
  • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic > 150 mm Hg or diastolic > 90 mm Hg
  • Myocardial infarction or unstable angina < 6 months prior to registration
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater congestive heart failure
  • Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication; this does not include asymptomatic, atrial fibrillation with controlled ventricular rate
  • CTCAE grade 2 or greater peripheral vascular disease (at least brief [< 24 hours (hrs)]) episodes of ischemia managed non-surgically and without permanent deficit)
  • History of CVA within six months
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human or humanized antibodies
  • Patients with or with anticipation of invasive procedures as defined below:
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to the first date of bevacizumab therapy
  • Major surgical procedure anticipated during the course of the study; this includes, but is not limited to abdominal surgery (laparotomy or laparoscopy) prior to disease progression, such as colostomy or enterostomy reversal, interval or secondary cytoreductive surgery, or second look surgery; please consult with the Study Chair prior to patient entry for any questions related to the classification of surgical procedures
  • Core biopsy, within 7 days prior to randomization
  • Patients who are pregnant or nursing; bevacizumab should not be administered to pregnant women; bevacizumab should not be administered to nursing women; patients of childbearing potential must agree to use contraceptive measures during study therapy and for at least six months after completion of bevacizumab therapy
  • Patients who have received prior therapy with any anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drug, including bevacizumab
  • Patients with clinical symptoms or signs of gastrointestinal obstruction and who require parenteral hydration and/or nutrition
  • Patients with medical history or conditions not otherwise previously specified which in the opinion of the investigator should exclude participation in this study; the investigator should feel free to consult the Study Chair or Study Co-Chairs for uncertainty in this regard
  • Patients with significant peripheral vascular disease
  • Patients with pre-existing grade 2 or greater peripheral neuropathy

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

Krishnansu TewariPrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00803062
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 19, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.