|Abiraterone Acetate in Asymptomatic or Mildly Symptomatic Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
This is a phase 3 study to compare the clinical benefit of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone with placebo plus prednisone in patients with asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
Further Study Information
This is a randomized (individuals will be assigned by chance to study treatments), double-blind (individuals and study personnel will not know the identity of study treatments), placebo (an inactive substance that is compared with a drug to test whether the drug has a real effect in a clinical trial)-controlled study in approximately 1,000 medically or surgically castrated male patients with metastatic CRPC who have shown tumor progression and are asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic. The study period will consist of screening, treatment, and follow-up phases. Patients will receive study treatment (abiraterone acetate or placebo) plus prednisone until radiographic progression of disease and/or unequivocal clinical progression. Efficacy evaluations will be performed and safety will be assessed throughout the study. Follow-up will continue for 60 months (5 years) or until patient dies, is lost to follow-up, or withdraws informed consent.
At the interim analysis of overall survival (OS; 43% of death events), the independent data monitoring committee (IDMC) reviewed the efficacy and safety data and concluded that all of the data pointed to a significant advantage for patients in one arm of the study compared with the other arm thereby unanimously recommending unblinding the study and allowing crossover from the placebo arm to active therapy. Patients currently receiving placebo will be offered crossover therapy to abiraterone acetate. Treatment for patients who were originally randomized to the abiraterone acetate treatment group will not change.
Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors
Janssen Research and Development, LLC
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.