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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Etanercept in Treating Cancer-Related Cachexia and Anorexia in Patients With Advanced Cancer

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIISupportive careCompleted18 and overNCI, OtherCDR0000257027
NCCTG-N00C1, NCI-P02-0232, MC00C8, 1497-00, N00C1, NCT00046904

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Etanercept is a substance that is being studied as a treatment for cachexia (weight loss) and anorexia (lack of appetite) in patients who have cancer. It is not yet known whether etanercept is effective in improving cancer-related cachexia and anorexia.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of etanercept in treating cancer-related cachexia and anorexia in patients who have advanced cancer.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare etanercept vs placebo in the treatment of cancer-related cachexia and anorexia, in terms of weight measurement and rate of weight change, in patients with advanced malignancies.
  • Determine the effect of this drug on nausea and vomiting in these patients.
  • Assess the functional status and appetite of patients treated with this drug.
  • Assess the quality of life of patients treated with this drug.
  • Determine the toxic effects of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine whether this drug prolongs survival of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to primary malignant disease (lung vs gastrointestinal vs other), severity of weight loss (less than 4.6 kg vs at least 4.6 kg), planned concurrent chemotherapy (yes vs no), age (less than 50 vs 50 and over), gender, planned use of megestrol or other progestational agent (yes vs no), and GBU Prognostic Index (good vs bad vs unsure). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive etanercept subcutaneously (SC) twice weekly.
  • Arm II: Patients receive placebo SC twice weekly. Treatment in both arms continues for a maximum of 24 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, weekly for 1 month, and then monthly during treatment.

Patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 274 patients (137 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 19 months.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed malignancy except brain cancer
  • If the patient has multiple primaries or an unknown primary, the currently active cancer cannot be brain cancer
  • Disease considered incurable with available therapies
  • No clinical evidence of ascites
  • Weight loss of at least 5 pounds (2.3 kg) within the past 2 months (excluding perioperative weight loss) and/or estimated caloric intake of less than 20 cal/kg daily
  • Weight gain determined by physician to be beneficial
  • Patient perceives weight loss as a problem

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • More than 3 months

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • Not specified

Renal

  • Not specified

Cardiovascular

  • No poorly controlled congestive heart failure
  • No poorly controlled hypertension
  • No pacemaker, implanted defibrillator, stents, or metal suture material in the heart or great vessels (for patients participating in the BIA translational portion of the study)

Gastrointestinal

  • No known mechanical obstruction of the alimentary tract
  • No malabsorption
  • No intractable vomiting (more than 5 episodes/week)
  • Not concurrently receiving tube feedings or parenteral nutrition

Other

  • Able to reliably administer subcutaneous medication twice weekly
  • Alert and mentally competent
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • More than 1 month since prior infliximab
  • No concurrent live vaccination

Chemotherapy

  • Concurrent chemotherapy allowed

Endocrine therapy

  • At least 1 month since prior adrenal steroids
  • No concurrent adrenal steroids (inhalant, topical, or optical steroids allowed)
  • Concurrent short-term dexamethasone for chemotherapy-induced emesis is allowed

Radiotherapy

  • Concurrent radiotherapy allowed

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • More than 1 month since prior etanercept
  • No concurrent evaluation with another device that injects an electrical current into the body (for patients participating in the bioelectrical impendance analysis [BIA] translational portion of the study)

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Mayo Clinic Cancer Center

National Cancer Institute

Aminah JatoiStudy Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00046904
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on November 12, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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