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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Decitabine in Treating Patients With Metastatic Papillary Thyroid Cancer or Follicular Thyroid Cancer Unresponsive to Iodine I 131

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IITreatmentCompleted18 and overNCINCI-2009-00033
CDR0000368467, 5954, 2003-0308, P30CA016672, N01CM62207, MDA-2003-0308, NCI-5954, NCT00085293

Trial Description

Summary

This phase II trial is studying how well decitabine works in treating patients with metastatic papillary thyroid cancer or follicular thyroid cancer that has stopped responding to radioactive iodine. Iodine I 131 (radioactive iodine) kills thyroid cancer cells. Metastatic thyroid cancer cells can lose the ability to be treated with radioactive iodine. Decitabine may help thyroid cancer cells regain the ability to respond to treatment with radioactive iodine.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Determine whether decitabine can restore iodine I 131 (131I) uptake in patients with metastatic papillary thyroid or follicular thyroid cancer lesions that are undetectable by low-dose iodine 131I scanning.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the efficacy of 131I therapy, administered after restoration of 131I uptake by decitabine, in these patients.

II. Determine the effect of decitabine on clinical and molecular markers of thyroid cancer cell differentiation in these patients.

III. Determine the safety and tolerability of decitabine in patients undergoing thyroid hormone withdrawal-induced hypothyroidism and 131I therapy.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, multicenter study.

Patients receive decitabine intravenous (IV) over 1 hour on days 1-5 and 8-12 of weeks 1 and 2 (course 1). On week 3, patients undergo iodine I 131 (131I) scanning using thyrotropin alfa injections. Patients whose scan does not demonstrate iodine uptake continue suppressive thyroid hormone therapy but receive no further study therapy. These patients undergo study follow up.

Patients whose scan demonstrates iodine uptake undergo thyroid hormone withdrawal on weeks 4-8 and receive a second course of decitabine (as in course 1) on weeks 7 and 8. Patients then receive 131I therapy on week 9.

Patients are followed at 3 and 6 months.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed papillary thyroid or follicular thyroid carcinoma:
  • Differentiated disease;
  • Metastatic disease documented by ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scan (without iodinated contrast), or MRI - All metastatic disease foci =< 10 mm in all dimensions
  • Must have been treated with total or near-total thyroidectomy AND at least 1 course of iodine I 131 (131I)(>=29.9 mCi) OR demonstrated negative uptake on a postoperative low-dose131I scan
  • Must have undergone whole body 131I scan 1-3 days after administration of =< 5.5 mCi of 131I demonstrating no visible iodine uptake within the lesions unless demonstrated negative uptake on a postoperative low-dose131I scan within the past 12 weeks:
  • Must have 24-hour urine iodine excretion =< 500 mcg within 1 week of 131I scan
  • Must be receiving thyroid hormone therapy AND have thyroid-stimulating hormone level =< 0.5 mU/L
  • No known brain metastases
  • Performance status:
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2 OR Karnofsky 60-100%
  • Hematopoietic:
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm3;
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm3;
  • White Blood Count (WBC) >= 3,000/mm3
  • Hepatic:
  • aspartate aminotransferase-alanine aminotransferase (AST and ALT) =< 2.5 times upper limit of normal;
  • Bilirubin normal
  • Renal:
  • Creatinine not elevated OR
  • Creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min
  • Cardiovascular:
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure;
  • No unstable angina pectoris;
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No prior allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to decitabine
  • No concurrent uncontrolled illness
  • No active or ongoing infection
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for thyroid cancer
  • At least 6 months since prior external beam radiotherapy administered for locoregional disease in the thyroid bed or to the cervical or upper mediastinal lymph node regions (no more than 6,000 cGy)
  • More than 6 months since other prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • More than 6 months since prior therapeutic 131I > 10 mCi
  • More than 18 months since prior cumulative 131I activity of at least 500 mCi
  • More than 12 months since prior amiodarone (Unless 24-hour urinary iodine excretion is =< 500 mcg)
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • More than 6 months since prior intrathecal iodinated contrast (Unless 24-hour urinary iodine excretion is =< 500 mcg)
  • More than 3 months since prior IV or oral iodinated contrast for radiographic studies (Unless 24-hour urinary iodine excretion is =< 500 mcg)

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

Steven ShermanPrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00085293
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on September 16, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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