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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Alpha-Lipoic Acid in Preventing Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy for Cancer

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIISupportive careCompletedNot specifiedNCI, OtherCDR0000403155
MDA-CCC-0327, MDA-2004-0728, 2004-0728, NCI-2009-00636, 3 U10 CA045809-15S1, NCT00112996

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Chemoprotective drugs, such as alpha-lipoic acid, may protect normal cells from the side effects of chemotherapy. Alpha-lipoic acid may also prevent damage to nerves that carry information to and from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body. It is not known whether alpha-lipoic acid is more effective than placebo in preventing peripheral neuropathy.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying alpha-lipoic acid to see how well it works compared to placebo in preventing peripheral neuropathy in patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare whether treatment with alpha-lipoic acid vs placebo decreases the severity and frequency of peripheral neuropathy in cancer patients receiving a cisplatin- or oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy regimen.
  • Compare the protective effect duration of these drugs in these patients.

Secondary

  • Determine large sensory fiber integrity associated with platinum-induced peripheral neuropathy, as measured by three timed functional tests comprising fastening 6-buttons, walking 50 feet, and placing coins in a cup, in patients treated with these drugs.
  • Compare the number of chemotherapy courses and doses received by patients treated with these drugs.

Tertiary

  • Compare the optimal tumor response (disease progression, stable disease, partial response, or complete response) to chemotherapy in patients treated with these drugs.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior platinum-containing treatment (yes vs no). Patients who received prior treatment are further stratified according to prior cumulative platinum exposure (cisplatin < 200 mg/m^2 or oxaliplatin < 750 mg/m^2 vs cisplatin 200-399 mg/m^2 or oxaliplatin 750-999 mg/m^2 vs cisplatin >400 mg/m^2 or oxaliplatin > 1,000 mg/m^2). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral alpha-lipoic acid* three times daily for at least 24 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo* three times daily for at least 24 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

NOTE: *In both arms, patients begin taking study drug 4 days after completion of each chemotherapy treatment and continue taking study drug until 2 days before their next scheduled chemotherapy treatment.

Patients' symptoms of peripheral neuropathy, pain, and functional tests are assessed at baseline and then at weeks 6-8, 12, 24, 36, and 48.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 244 patients (122 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Scheduled to receive a cisplatin- or oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy regimen for cancer
  • No established clinical neuropathy
  • No clinically evident CNS metastases, including leptomeningeal metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • Not specified

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin < 2 mg/dL

Renal

  • Creatinine < 2 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance > 45 mL/min

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Must have a normal state of arousal
  • No confusion or memory or concentration deficit
  • No history of diabetes mellitus requiring oral medication or insulin treatment
  • No chronic alcoholism
  • No other active central nervous system (CNS) disease (e.g., dementia or encephalopathy)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No carboplatin, vincristine, vinblastine, paclitaxel, or docetaxel for 6 months prior, during, and 6 months after study treatment

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • Concurrent medications that can modify peripheral neuropathy (e.g., gabapentin, lamotrigine, carbamazepine, phenytoin, or tricyclic antidepressants) are allowed provided there is no dose adjustment within 2 weeks before study entry and during study participation
  • No concurrent vitamin E (including multivitamins that contain vitamin E) ≥ 100 IU per day
  • No concurrent physical modality (e.g., anodyne [monochromatic near-infrared photoenergy, 890 nm], microcurrent, or transcutaneous electrical neural stimulation) for peripheral neuropathy related symptoms unless physical or occupational therapy for functional training

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas

National Cancer Institute

Ying GuoPrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00112996
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 20, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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