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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Different Therapies in Treating Infants With Newly Diagnosed Acute Leukemia

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
No phase specifiedTreatmentActive365 days and underOtherCDR0000570260
DCOG-INTERFANT-06, EUDRACT-2005-004599-19, CCLG-LK-2006-10, NCT00550992

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy before a donor stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It also helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine, methotrexate, leucovorin, and antithymocyte globulin before and after transplant may stop this from happening. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is most effective in treating acute leukemia.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well different therapies work in treating infants with newly diagnosed acute leukemia.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To compare an early intensification regimen comprising two "acute myeloid leukemia" induction therapy blocks with a standard protocol IB regimen administered directly after induction therapy in medium-risk (MR) and high-risk (HR) patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic or biphenotypic leukemia.

Secondary

  • To compare through a randomized study the role of these regimens in treating these patients.
  • To compare the overall outcome of the Interfant-06 study with outcomes in the historical control series, especially in the Interfant-99 study.
  • To compare the outcomes of low-risk, MR, or HR patients in this study with those of patients in the historical control series Interfant-99 study.
  • To study which factors have independent prognostic value in patients treated with these regimens.
  • To assess the role of stem cell transplantation in HR patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

  • Induction therapy:
  • Prednisone phase: Patients receive prednisone orally or IV three times daily on days 1-7 and methotrexate (MTX) and prednisolone (PRDL) intrathecally (IT) on day 1. Patients then proceed to remission induction therapy.
  • Remission induction phase: Patients receive dexamethasone (DEXA) IV or orally three times daily on days 8-28 followed by a taper to 0 over 1 week; vincristine (VCR) IV on days 8, 15, 22, and 29; cytarabine (ARA-C) IV over 30 minutes on days 8-21; daunorubicin hydrochloride (DNR) IV over 1 hour on days 8 and 9; asparaginase (ASP) IV over 1 hour or intramuscularly (IM) on days 15, 18, 22, 25, 29, and 33; MTX IT on days 1 and 29*; and ARA-C IT on day 15. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic hydrocortisone (HC) IT on days 1, 15, and 29.

NOTE: *Patients with CNS involvement at initial diagnosis also receive MTX IT on days 8 and 22. If CNS leukemia is still present at day 29, then patients receive weekly MTX IT until the CNS is free of leukemia.

After completion of induction therapy, patients are stratified according to risk group (low-risk [LR] vs medium-risk [MR] vs high-risk [HR]). Patients with low-risk disease are assigned to treatment arm I. Patients with MR or HR disease that is in complete remission (CR) on day 33 are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. These patients are stratified according to status (MR with rearranged MLL vs MR with unknown MLL vs HR).

  • Arm I (standard therapy):
  • Protocol IB therapy (beginning on day 36 of induction therapy): Patients receive cyclophosphamide (CPM) IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 29 and oral mercaptopurine (MP) on days 1-28; ARA-C IV on days 3-6, 10-13, 17-20, and 24-27; ARA-C IT on day 10; and MTX IT on day 24. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT on days 10 and 24.
  • MARMA therapy:
  • Part I: Patients receive oral MP once daily on days 1-14; high-dose (HD) MTX IV over 24 hours on days 1 and 8; leucovorin calcium orally or IV at 42, 48, and 54 hours after each dose of MTX until MTX plasma levels are safe; and MTX IT on days 2 and 9. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT on days 2 and 9.
  • Part II: Patients receive HD ARA-C IV over 3 hours twice daily with 12-hour intervals on days 15, 16, 22, and 23; and pegaspargase (PEG-ASP) IV over 1 hour or IM on day 23.
  • OCTADA(D) reinduction therapy:
  • Part I: At least 2 weeks after the completion of MARMA chemotherapy, patients receive oral dexamethasone (DEXA) three times daily on days 1-14, followed by a taper to 0 at day 21; oral thioguanine (TG) once daily on days 1-28; VCR IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; DNR IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; PEG-ASP IV over 1 hour or IM on day 1; ARA-C IV on days 2-5, 9-12, 16-19, and 23-26; and ARA-C IT on days 1 and 15. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT on days 1 and 15.
  • Part II: Patients receive oral TG once daily on days 36-49; ARA-C IV once daily on days 37-40 and 45-48; and CPM IV over 1 hour on days 36 and 49.
  • Maintenance therapy: At least 2 weeks after completion of the last course of OCTADA(D) chemotherapy, patients receive oral MP once daily; oral MTX once weekly; MTX IT in weeks 1 and 15; and ARA-C IT in week 8. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT in weeks 1, 8, and 15. Treatment continues for up to 104 weeks after initial diagnosis in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II (experimental therapy):
  • ADE therapy (beginning on day 36 of induction therapy: Patients receive ARA-C IV every 12 hours on days 1-10; DNR IV over 1 hour on days 1, 3, and 5; etoposide (VP-16) IV over 4 hours on days 1-5; and ARA-C IT on day 1. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT on day 1.
  • MAE therapy: Patients receive ARA-C IV every 12 hours on days 1-10; mitoxantrone hydrochloride IV over 1 hour on days 1, 3, and 5; VP-16 IV over 4 hours on days 1-5; and MTX IT on day 1. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT on day 1.
  • MARMA therapy:
  • Part I: Patients receive oral MP once daily on days 1-14; high-dose (HD) MTX IV over 24 hours on days 1 and 8; leucovorin calcium orally or IV at 42, 48, and 54 hours after each dose of MTX until MTX plasma levels are safe; and MTX IT on days 2 and 9. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT on days 2 and 9.
  • Part II: Patients receive HD ARA-C IV over 3 hours twice daily with 12-hour intervals on days 15, 16, 22, and 23; and pegaspargase (PEG-ASP) IV over 1 hour or IM on day 23.
  • OCTADA reinduction therapy:
  • Part I: At least 2 weeks after the completion of MARMA chemotherapy, patients receive oral DEXA three times daily on days 1-14, followed by a taper to 0 at day 21; oral TG once daily on days 1-28; VCR IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; PEG-ASP IV over 1 hour or IM on day 1; ARA-C IV on days 2-5, 9-12, 16-19, and 23-26; and ARA-C IT on days 1 and 15. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT on days 1 and 15.
  • Part II: Beginning 1 week after completion of part I, patients receive oral TG once daily on days 36-49; ARA-C IV once daily on days 37-40 and 45-48; and CPM IV over 1 hour on days 36 and 49.
  • Maintenance therapy: At least 2 weeks after completion of the last course of OCTADA chemotherapy, patients receive oral MP once daily; oral MTX once weekly; MTX IT in weeks 1 and 15; and ARA-C IT in week 8. Patients also receive PRDL or therapeutic HC IT in weeks 1, 8, and 15. Treatment continues for up to 104 weeks after initial diagnosis in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

All HR patients with a suitably matched donor are scheduled for allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) after MARMA or before or during OCTADA(D) chemotherapy, provided they are in CR1 and no more than 8 months have elapsed since initial diagnosis.

  • Conditioning regimens for allogeneic SCT:
  • Matched sibling donor (MSD): Patients receive oral busulfan (BU) every 6 hours on days -7 to -4; CPM IV over 1 hour on days -3 to -2; and melphalan (MEL) IV over 1 hour on day -1.
  • Matched donors (MD): Patients receive oral BU every 6 hours on days -7 to -4; CPM IV over 1 hour on days -3 to -2; MEL IV over 1 hour on day -1; and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) IV over 4 hours on days -3 to -1.
  • Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) prophylaxis and therapy:
  • MSD: Patients receive cyclosporine (CsA) IV or orally twice daily beginning on day -1 and continuing to day 60 after SCT, followed by a taper in the absence of GVHD symptoms.
  • MD: Patients receive CsA as in group MSD; MTX IV on days 1, 3, and 6; leucovorin calcium IV on days 2, 4, and 7; and ATG IV on days -3 to -1.
  • Allogeneic SCT: Patients undergo infusion of bone marrow, peripheral blood, or cord blood hematopoietic stem cells on day 0.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically for up to 2 years.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or biphenotypic leukemia meeting the following criteria:
  • Based on European Group for the Classification of Acute Leukemia (EGIL) diagnostic criteria
  • Newly diagnosed disease
  • Verified by morphology and confirmed by cytochemistry and immunophenotyping
  • Trephine biopsy is recommended (unless diagnosis can be confirmed by peripheral blood examination) in the event that bone marrow aspiration results in a "dry tap"
  • Must have MLL gene rearrangements documented by split-signal fluorescence in situ hybridization and meets 1 of the following risk criteria:
  • Low-risk disease, defined as all MLL germline cases
  • Medium-risk disease, defined by 1 of the following criteria:
  • MLL status unknown
  • MLL rearranged AND age > 6 months
  • MLL rearranged AND age < 6 months AND WBC < 300 x 10^9/L AND prednisone good response
  • High-risk disease, defined by MLL rearrangement AND meets the following criteria:
  • Age at diagnosis < 6 months (i.e., < 183 days)
  • WBC ≥ 300 x 10^9/L AND/OR prednisone poor response
  • Minimum donor and stem cell requirements for high-risk patients undergoing stem cell transplantation:
  • Donor meeting 1 of the following criteria:
  • HLA-identical sibling
  • Very well-matched related or unrelated donor
  • Must be HLA compatible in 10/10 or 9/10 alleles by 4 digit/allele high-resolution molecular genotyping
  • Stem cell source
  • Bone marrow (preferred source) OR peripheral blood stem cells of filgrastim [G-CSF]-stimulated donors OR cord blood
  • Highly-matched unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) (> 7/8 matches identified by high-resolution typing) accepted if a sibling donor is not able to donate bone marrow AND UCB with a sufficient number of nucleated cells (NCs) (i.e., > 1.5 x 10^7/kg recipient body weight [BW]) is cryopreserved
  • Must have ≥ 3 x 10^8 NCs/kg BW OR 3 x 10^6/kg BW CD34-positive cells available for transplantation
  • CNS or testicular leukemia at diagnosis allowed

Exclusion criteria:

  • Mature B-ALL, defined by the immunophenotypical presence of surface immunoglobulins or t(8;14) and breakpoint as in B-ALL
  • Presence of the t(9;22) (q34;q11) or bcr-abl fusion in the leukemic cells (if data are not known, patient still may be eligible)
  • Relapsed ALL

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • See Disease Characteristics

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • More than 4 weeks since prior systemic corticosteroids
  • Corticosteroids by aerosol are allowed

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

Dutch Childhood Oncology Group

BFM Germany

CORS Monza Italy

Italian Association for Pediatric Hematology Oncology

ANZCHOG Austria New Zealand

BFM Austria

CLCG France Belgium Portugal

COALL Germany

CPH, Czech republic

DFCI consortium USA

FRALLE France

Hong Kong

MD Anderson USA

NOPHO Scandinavian countries

PINDA, Chile

PPLLSG Poland

Seattle USA

SJCRH USA

UKCCSG United Kingdom

Rob PietersStudy Chair

Martin SchrappeStudy Chair

Trial Sites

U.S.A.
Massachusetts
  Boston
 Children's Hospital Boston
 Lewis B. Silverman, MD Ph: 617-632-5285
Tennessee
  Memphis
 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
 Clinical Trials Office - St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Ph: 901-595-4644
Texas
  Houston
 M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
 Clinical Trials Office - M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at the U Ph: 713-792-3245
Washington
  Seattle
 Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center - Seattle
 Blythe Thomson, MD Ph: 206-987-2106
Austria
  Vienna
 St. Anna Children's Hospital
 Georg Mann, MD Ph: 43-1-4017-1250
Belgium
  Brussels
 Hopital Universitaire Des Enfants Reine Fabiola
 Alice Ferster, MD Ph: 32-2-477-2678
  Email: aferster@ulb.ac.be
Czech Republic
  Prague
 University Hospital Motol
 Jan Stary, MD Ph: 420-2-2443-6401
  Email: jan.stary@lfmotol.cuni.cz
France
  Nantes
 CHR Hotel Dieu
 Francoise Mechinaud, MD Ph: 33-1-4249-9046
Germany
  Hamburg
 University Medical Center Hamburg - Eppendorf
 Gritta Janka-Schaub Ph: 49-404-2803-2580
  Hannover
 Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
 Martin Schrappe, MD, PhD Ph: 49-511-532-6713
Italy
  Monza
 Nuovo Ospedale San Gerardo at University of Milano-Bicocca
 Andrea Biondi, MD Ph: 39-039-233-3661
  Email: biondi@galactica.it
Netherlands
  Rotterdam
 Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital
 Rob Pieters, MD, MSC, PhD Ph: 31-10-463-6691
  Email: rob.pieters@erasmusmc.nl
United Kingdom
England
  London
 Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children
 Phil Ancliff, MD Ph: 44-20-7829-8831

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00550992
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on September 16, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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