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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage III Colon Cancer

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentCompleted18 and overNCINCI-2012-01844
SWOG-C89803, NCCTG-C89803, CDR0000066992, CAN-NCIC-CO15, E-89803, CALGB 89803, C89803, U10CA031946, CLB-89803, CO15, NCT00003835

Trial Description

Summary

Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which chemotherapy regimen is more effective for stage III colon cancer. Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of fluorouracil plus leucovorin with or without irinotecan in treating patients who have undergone surgery for stage III colon cancer.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Compare the overall and disease free survival of patients with stage III colon cancer treated with adjuvant fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium with or without irinotecan.

II. Assess prognostic markers and correlate their expression with disease free and overall survival of these patients.

III. Assess the influence of diet, body mass index, and physical activity on the risk of cancer recurrence and survival in these patients.

IV. Assess the influence of diet, obesity, and physical activity on the risk of toxicity associated with adjuvant therapy in these patients.

V. Determine whether pathological features (including tumor grade, tumor mitotic (proliferation) index, tumor border configuration, and host lymphoid response to tumor; and lymphatic vessel, venous vessel and perineural invasion) predict outcome in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to lymph node involvement (1-3 vs 4 or more), histology (poorly differentiated or undifferentiated vs well or moderately differentiated), and preoperative serum CEA (less than 5.0 ng/mL vs at least 5.0 ng/mL vs unknown). Study therapy must begin within 21-56 days after surgery. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms:

ARM I: Patients receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV beginning 1 hour into leucovorin calcium infusion weekly for 6 weeks. Treatment is repeated every 8 weeks for 4 courses.

ARM II: Patients receive irinotecan IV over 90 minutes, followed by leucovorin calcium IV, then followed by fluorouracil IV weekly for 4 weeks. Treatment is repeated every 6 weeks for 5 courses.

Patients complete a food questionnaire at the beginning of the third course and then at 6 months after study therapy.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 4 months for 2 years, then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1260 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically documented adenocarcinoma of the colon; the gross inferior (caudad) margin of the primary tumor must lie above the peritoneal reflection; tumor must have been completely resected, including negative radial resecting margins
  • There must be no history of distant metastatic disease at the time of registration
  • Pathological evaluation must show Modified Astler-Coller stage C (TxN1-2M0) disease
  • No previous or concurrent malignancy is allowed except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has been disease-free for five years
  • Zubrod performance status of 0-2
  • Non-pregnant and not nursing, as chemotherapy is thought to present substantial risk to the fetus/infant; men and women of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method while in this study
  • Granulocytes >= 1,500/ul
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/ul
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limits of normal
  • Bilirubin =< upper limit of normal

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

Southwest Oncology Group

North Central Cancer Treatment Group

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

NCIC-Clinical Trials Group

Leonard SaltzPrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00003835
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on September 23, 2014

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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