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Clinical Trials (PDQ®)

Radiation Therapy to Prevent Brain Metastases in Patients With Previously Treated Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIIHealth services research, TreatmentCompleted18 to 75OtherEORTC-22993-08993
EORTC-RA-22993, EORTC-LCG-08993, NCT00016211

Trial Description

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Radiation therapy to the brain may be effective in preventing brain metastases. It is not yet known if radiation therapy is effective following chemotherapy in preventing brain metastases.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of radiation therapy in preventing brain metastases in patients who have received chemotherapy for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer.

Further Study Information

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the incidence of, and time to, symptomatic brain metastases in patients with previously treated extensive stage small cell lung cancer treated with prophylactic cranial irradiation vs no further therapy.
  • Compare the quality of life and survival of these patients.
  • Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the health economics associated with this study.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center and performance status. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Within 5 weeks after completion of prior chemotherapy, patients undergo prophylactic cranial irradiation once daily for 5-12 days.
  • Arm II: Patients receive no further therapy after completion of prior chemotherapy.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, 6 weeks, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months thereafter.

Patients are followed at 6 weeks, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 287 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Eligibility Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Cytologically or histologically confirmed small cell lung cancer
  • Documented extensive disease before the initiation of chemotherapy
  • Responsive disease after 4 to 6 courses of initial chemotherapy
  • No more than 5 weeks since completion of prior chemotherapy
  • No brain or leptomeningeal metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 to 75

Performance status:

  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy except skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent corticosteroids

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior radiotherapy to the brain
  • No prior radiotherapy to the head and neck

Surgery:

  • Not specified

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer

B.J. SlotmanStudy Chair

Pieter E. PostmusStudy Chair

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00016211
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 17, 2013

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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