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Imatinib Mesylate in Treating Patients With Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor That Has Been Completely Removed By Surgery

Basic Trial Information
Trial Description
     Summary
     Further Trial Information
     Eligibility Criteria
Trial Contact Information

Basic Trial Information

PhaseTypeStatusAgeSponsorProtocol IDs
Phase IIIBiomarker/Laboratory analysis, TreatmentCompleted18 and overNCINCI-2012-02930
Z9001, CDR0000069452, U10CA076001, ACOSOG-Z9001, CAN-NCIC-SRC1, CALGB-ACOSOG-Z9001, SWOG-ACOSOG-Z9001, UWCC-UW-6303, UWCC-UW-03-8438-A-03, SRC1, NCT00041197

Trial Description

Summary

This randomized phase III trial is studying imatinib mesylate to see how well it works compared to placebo in treating patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor that has been completely removed by surgery. Imatinib mesylate may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and may be an effective treatment for patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor that has been completely removed by surgery.

Further Study Information

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether patients with resected primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) who are randomized to the STI571 (imatinib mesylate) Arm have longer recurrence-free survival as compared to the patients randomized to the placebo Arm.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To ascertain whether patients with resected primary GIST who are randomized to the STI571 Arm have longer survival as compared to the patients randomized to the placebo Arm.

II. To obtain from patients with GIST: tumor tissue (before therapy with STI571 and if the patient develops recurrence), blood specimens (before therapy with STI571), and serum specimens (before therapy with STI571, after completing therapy with STI571, and if the patient develops recurrence) for scientific correlative analyses.

III. To assess the safety/efficacy of oral STI571 therapy in the adjuvant setting.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) once daily. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients who develop a recurrence during the year of initial treatment receive imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) at an increased dose. Patients who develop a recurrence after the year of initial treatment restart imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) and continue taking the drug at the discretion of the principal investigator.

ARM II: Patients receive oral placebo once daily. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients who develop a recurrence at any time discontinue placebo and crossover to arm I. Treatment on arm I continues at the discretion of the principal investigator.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 10 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must have an ECOG/Zubrod performance status of =< 2
  • Patient must have a histologic diagnosis of primary GIST (without peritoneal or distant metastasis) that expresses Kit protein by immunohistochemistry and have tumor size >= 3cm in maximum dimension
  • Patient must have undergone complete gross resection (includes R0 [negative microscopic margins] and R1 [positive microscopic margins]) of a primary GIST within 70 days prior to registration
  • Patient must have a chest x-ray completed within 28 days prior to registration; NOTE: Chest CT within 28 days prior to registration can be used in lieu of chest x-ray
  • Patient must have a post-operative CT scan with IV and PO contrast or MRI with contrast (if allergic to CT contrast) of abdomen and pelvis within 28 days prior to registration
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times the institution ULN
  • WBC >= 2,000/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total Bilirubin =< 1.5 times the institution ULN; NOTE: Patients with elevated bilirubin secondary to Gilbert's disease are eligible to participate in the study
  • AST =< 2.5 times the institution ULN
  • ALT =< 2.5 times the institution ULN
  • Female of childbearing potential must have negative serum pregnancy test; NOTE: Post-menopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be deemed not of reproductive potential
  • Patient or the patient's legally acceptable representative must provide a signed and dated written informed consent prior to registration and any study-related procedures
  • Patient must provide written authorization to allow the use and disclosure of their protected health information; NOTE: This may be obtained in either the study-specific informed consent or in a separate authorization form and must be obtained from the patient prior to study registration (non-US sites are exempt from HIPAA regulations)
  • If patient is a cancer survivor, ALL of the following criteria apply:
  • Patient has undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies
  • No evidence of any prior malignancies for at least 5 years with no evidence of recurrence (except for effectively treated basal cell or squamous carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in-situ of the cervix that has been effectively treated by surgery alone, or lobular carcinoma in-situ of the ipsilateral or contralateral breast treated by surgery alone)
  • Patient is deemed by their treating physician to be at low risk for recurrence from prior malignancies

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has received post-operative chemotherapy
  • Patient has received post-operative radiation therapy
  • Patient has received post-operative investigational treatment
  • Patient has received prior therapy with STI571
  • Patient has had an active infection requiring antibiotics within 14 days prior to registration
  • Patient has objective evidence of residual disease on the postoperative CT scan or MRI of the abdomen or pelvis
  • Patient, if female and breastfeeding; NOTE: It is not known whether STI571or its metabolites are excreted in human milk; however, in lactating female rats administered 100mg/kg, a dose approximately equal to the maximum clinical dose of 800mg/day based on body surface area, STI571 and /or its metabolites were extensively excreted in milk; it is estimated that approximately 1.5% of a maternal dose is excreted into milk, which is equivalent to a dose to the infant of 30% the maternal dose per unit body weight; women should be advised against breastfeeding while taking STI571
  • Patient has New York Heart Association class 3 or 4 cardiac disease
  • Patient is taking full dose warfarin; NOTE: The use of mini-dose warfarin (1mg orally per day) for prevention of central line-associated deep venous thrombosis is permitted

Trial Contact Information

Trial Lead Organizations/Sponsors

National Cancer Institute

Ronald DeMatteoPrincipal Investigator

Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
NLM Identifer NCT00041197
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 17, 2013

Note: Information about this trial is from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. The versions designated for health professionals and patients contain the same text. Minor changes may be made to the ClinicalTrials.gov record to standardize the names of study sponsors, sites, and contacts. Cancer.gov only lists sites that are recruiting patients for active trials, whereas ClinicalTrials.gov lists all sites for all trials. Questions and comments regarding the presented information should be directed to ClinicalTrials.gov.

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